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: 2016-10-23
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Art and culture-2 ()
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Art and culture

The Oxford Advancer Learner`s Dictionary of Current English by Hornby
gives us the following definition of the notion art. Art is the
creation or expression of what is beautiful, especially in visual form.
Drawing,  painting,  sculpture, architecture, literature, music, ballet
belong to the fine art.

Really when something is extremely beautiful or has great cultural
value, we say: It`s art. Art has always been occupation for the few,
but has been admired by many. Art reflects feelings and emotions, brings
delight and admiration,  makes  life pure as it wakens our best hidden
qualities. Speaking about arts, we connect this notion with culture.
According to the dictionary culture of a community or nation includes
all the arts, beliefs and social institutions characteristic of a
community or nation. We can speak about either material, or spiritual
culture. Art is both.

Russia is a country that can rightfully boast its artistic and cultural
traditions, its art galleries attract huge crowds of tourists from all
over the world. St`Petersburg is a precious stone in the crown of
Russian cities. The Hermitage is famous all over the world for its
valuable rare collections of canvases and other art objects covering a
span of about seven hundreds years and comprising masterpieces of by
Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Raphael,  Rembrandt, Rubens. The collections
illustrates the art of Italy, Spain, Holland, Germany, France, Britain,
Sweden. The West  European Department also includes a fine collection
of European Sculpture. People come to admire the collections of 
tapestry, precious textiles, weapons, ivory,  pottery, porcelain and
furniture as well.

The Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, the Russian Museum should be mentioned
by all  means. This picture gallery was founded by a Russian merchant
and a connoisseur of art  Pavel Tretyakov in the 19th century. He was
especially fond of the works of Peredvizhniki or Wanders- the artists
who belonged to the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions such as
Kramskoy, Perov, Ghe and other great Russian painters. The Tretyakov
Gallery reflects the whole history of Russian Art. It has a rich
collection of early Russian painting including famous icon. The world
famous The Trinity by Andrey Rublev is exhibited in the gallery.

Speaking about art one should not forget about music, especially classic
music. Outstanding Russian composers make all the world admire their
music. One can find a man, who does not know Pyotr Ilyich Tchaicovsky,
Michail Glinka,  Nicholai Rimsky-Korsakov  the prominent composers of
19th century, and Sergei Rachmaninov, Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitriy

It was Glinka (1804-1857) who laid the foundation for modern Russian
music, his music expressed the temperament of Russian people. His two
best known operas Ivan Susanin and Ruslan and  Ludmila were based on
Russian folklore and historical legends.

The most famous ballets Swan Lake,  The Sleeping Beauty, The
Nutcracker and not less famous operas The Queen of Spades,  Eugine
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