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: 2016-12-30
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Art and culture-2 ()
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Art and culture


The Oxford Advancer Learner`s Dictionary of Current English by Hornby

gives us the following definition of the notion art. Art is the

creation or expression of what is beautiful, especially in visual form.

Drawing, painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, music, ballet

belong to the fine art.


Really when something is extremely beautiful or has great cultural

value, we say: It`s art. Art has always been occupation for the few,

but has been admired by many. Art reflects feelings and emotions, brings

delight and admiration, makes life pure as it wakens our best hidden

qualities. Speaking about arts, we connect this notion with culture.

According to the dictionary culture of a community or nation includes

all the arts, beliefs and social institutions characteristic of a

community or nation. We can speak about either material, or spiritual

culture. Art is both.


Russia is a country that can rightfully boast its artistic and cultural

traditions, its art galleries attract huge crowds of tourists from all

over the world. St`Petersburg is a precious stone in the crown of

Russian cities. The Hermitage is famous all over the world for its

valuable rare collections of canvases and other art objects covering a

span of about seven hundreds years and comprising masterpieces of by

Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Raphael, Rembrandt, Rubens. The collections

illustrates the art of Italy, Spain, Holland, Germany, France, Britain,

Sweden. The West European Department also includes a fine collection

of European Sculpture. People come to admire the collections of

tapestry, precious textiles, weapons, ivory, pottery, porcelain and

furniture as well.


The Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, the Russian Museum should be mentioned

by all means. This picture gallery was founded by a Russian merchant

and a connoisseur of art Pavel Tretyakov in the 19th century. He was

especially fond of the works of Peredvizhniki or Wanders- the artists

who belonged to the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions such as

Kramskoy, Perov, Ghe and other great Russian painters. The Tretyakov

Gallery reflects the whole history of Russian Art. It has a rich

collection of early Russian painting including famous icon. The world

famous The Trinity by Andrey Rublev is exhibited in the gallery.


Speaking about art one should not forget about music, especially classic

music. Outstanding Russian composers make all the world admire their

music. One can find a man, who does not know Pyotr Ilyich Tchaicovsky,

Michail Glinka, Nicholai Rimsky-Korsakov the prominent composers of

19th century, and Sergei Rachmaninov, Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitriy



It was Glinka (1804-1857) who laid the foundation for modern Russian

music, his music expressed the temperament of Russian people. His two

best known operas Ivan Susanin and Ruslan and Ludmila were based on

Russian folklore and historical legends.


The most famous ballets Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, The

Nutcracker and not less famous operas The Queen of Spades, Eugine

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