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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваA Roman Villa (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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A Roman Villa.


Forty-three years after the birth of Christ the finest soldiers the

world had known came against the ancient Britons and conquered their

land. These soldiers were called Romans, after their chief city Rome in

Italy. They ruled Britain for nearly four hundred years & have left many

traces behind them. While in Britain, one can still see the remains of

their splendid roads, the ruins of the forts they built and parts of the

great walls they erected to defend their towns. In the southern parts of

the country homes called villas have been found.


Villas are not great castles with thick walls & towers built as a

protection against enemies, but simple dwelling - houses unfitted for

defense. That shows how peaceful the country was when first these villas

were built under Roman rule.


On the heights of Greenwich Park overlooking the Thames there is a

piece of pavement about two feet square. It was once part of the floor

of one of these country houses. It is made of small pieces of red tile,

each about a square in size, set in a bed of cement. No one can tell

what part of the is belonged to; perhaps, it was a bit of the floor of a

room, or a passage or even of a stable.


What did the Roman villa look like from the outside? We can scarcely

tell. Perhaps, it was a long whitewashed building with a corridor

running its whole length. Or, perhaps, it stood round two sides of a

square or round three, and had the corridor on its inner side. Some

people think that only the lower walls of villas were built of stone,

while the upper walls were made of rough plaster held together with a

framework of wood. The roof was made of red tiles or slabs of gray

stone. The floors of the lower rooms were raised a little on pillars, so

that hot air from a furnace might circulate underneath. And their were

special pipes in the walls, so that the hot air might rise through the

walls, so that the hot air might rise through the walls and warm them.

The Romans brought this way of warming houses from their old homes in

Italy, & they found it very useful in the cold climate of Britain. The

rooms on the ground floor were paved with small pieces of tile laid very

closely together in cement. By using pieces of different colors,

pictures were made on the floors of the living rooms. Some of these have

been dug up today & can be seen in museums. They are called mosaics. The

walls of the rooms were decorated with painted pictures. Somewhere in

the villa the was a bath, for the Romans were very careful to keep

themselves clean. And certainly, too, there would be statues, either

roughly made in Britain useful or brought by merchants from Italy,

where the best sculptors were. Then the owner bought these statues to

decorate his villa. And beautiful dishes of red pottery would be seen

everywhere in the house. Some of them would be used for decoration, &

some for eating from or for holding things. And in the grounds near the

house there would be an orchard, for the Romans loved orchards. Their

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