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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваAnton Pavlovich Chekhov (тема)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Тип документуРеферат
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Anton Pavlovich Chekhov

 

The world is rich in remarkable authors, but I think that Anton

Pavlovich Chekhov was one of the greatest authorities. He is my

favourite writer. In my opinion, he is the greatest Russian dramatist

and short-story writer. I’m never tired of reading and rereading his

plays and humorous stories.

 

Chekhov was born in 1860 in Taganrog. In 1879 he went to Moscow,

where he studies medicine. Though he practised little as a doctor in his

lifetime, he was prouder of his medical knowledge than of his writing

talent.

 

While in college, Chekhov wrote humorous sketches for comic papers to

support his family. He collected the best ones into a volume, Motley

Stories, in 1886. The book attracted the attention of the publisher of

the Novoje Vremja, Russia’s largest paper, and Chekhov was asked to

contribute stories regularly.

 

Chekhov, as an established writer, was able to develop a style of his

own. Though he never gave up writing comic stories, he began working in

a more serious vein. In 1887 Ivanov, his first play, established Chekhov

as a dramatist. From then on, he concentrated on writing plays, as well

as short stories.

 

Chekhov was seriously ill. He had tuberculosis and knew what it

meant. By 1892 his health was so bad that he was afraid to spend another

winter in Moscow. He bought a small estate near a village Melikhovo, 50

miles from Moscow. He spent 5 years there, and those were happy years in

spite of the illness. He wrote some of his best stories there, including

Ward No.6, several well-known one-act comedies and two of his serious

dramatic masterpieces, The Seagull and Uncle Vanya.

 

The Seagull was first staged in the Alexandrinsky Theatre in

Petersburg. It was a complete failure because of the dull and clumsy

production. It was a cruel blow to Chekhov. However, the play was

successfully performed as the first production of the Moscow Art Theatre

in 1898. From then on, Chekhov was closely connected with this theatre

and with its founder, K.S. Stanislavsky. In 1901 he married an Art

Theatre actress, Olga Knipper, who acted in his play The Three Sisters

the same year.

 

Chekhov’s health went from bad to worse and he had to spent the

remaining years in the Crimea and other health spas.

 

The Cherry Orchard, his last play, was produced in 1904. Soon after

the first night Chekhov died. He was 44.

 

Chekhov had an immense influence on the 20th century drama. Besides,

several generations of writers both in Russia and abroad studied and

imitated Chekhov to perfect their own literary style.

 

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