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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваArt in Ukraine (Painting) (реферат)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Topic: Art in Ukraine (Painting)

 

Artistic traditions of Ukraine have a very ancient history. The oldest

surviving paintings are frescoes and murals found on the northern Black

sea coast, where they were preserved on the walls of tombs fragments of

frescoes from the medieval Rus period have been found in the Cathedral

of Transfiguration in Chernihiv (11th century) and the St. Sophia

Cathedral in Kyiv (early 11the century). Portable icons were already

being painted in the 10th and 11th centuries, but none so old have

survived to our time.

 

In the 15th and 16th centuries there appeared a Galician school of icon

painting. During the Renaissance icons gradually lest their rigidity and

became more realistic. In Ukraine portrait painting as a separate genre

emerged during the Renaissance (16th century) and was strongly

influenced by the icon tradition.

 

Many Ukrainian painters were attracted to the newly established Academy

of Arts in St. Petersburg (1757). The emigration of the Ukrainian

artists to St. Petersburg deprived Ukrainian painting of its most

creative talents. The exception was T.Shevchenko, who devoted most of

his painting (like his writing) to Ukrainian interests.

 

In the last few decades of the 19th century Ukrainian painters studying

art in Russia were influenced by the Peredvizhniki society, formed in

1870 is St.Petersburg. Artists of Ukrainian origin who became active in

the society were I.Repin, I.Kramskoi, A.Kuindzhi, R.Kuznetsov,

K.Kostandi and many others.

 

During the brief period of Ukrainian independence the Ukrainian State

Academy of Arts (1917-22) was established in Kyiv. In 1920s in Soviet

Ukraine a variety of styles flourished. Cubo-futurist painting were

produced by V.Yermilov in Kharkiv and O.Romazov, V.Pavlov and

A.Petrystsky in Kyiv. In the 1930s all avant-garde activities in Soviet

Ukraine came to a halt with the introduction of socialist realism as the

only literary and artistic method permitted by the communist regime.

 

Changes brought about in the second half of 1980-s resulted in greater

creative freedom and a proliferation of styles and manners of depiction.

Many painters showed great inventiveness, including H.Romanyshyn from

Lviv, R.Popov from Kharkiv, O.Tkachenko from Dnipropetrovsk and

R.Tetianych, V.Budnykov, H.Heiko and O.Babak from Kyiv. After decades of

restraint and isolation artists in Ukraine are now free to continue the

development of various artistic traditions.

 

Topic: Our college

 

I study at Kolomyia College of Economy and Law. It is the branch of

Kyiv Trade and Economy University. Our college is situated in

Khmelnytskoho Sreet, in a large 3-storeyed building. It

faces the stadium and the town lake.

 

Our college is a public school, though the students have to pay their

tuition fee. It was founded in summer 1996. The college was registered

by the Order of the Ukrainian Ministry of Education. In October it is

supposed to get the license for educational activity.

 

Now there are about 600 students who study at 4 departments: accounting

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