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: 2016-12-30
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Great Britain or United Kingdom, officially United Kingdom of Great

Britain and Northern Ireland, a parliamentary monarchy in northwestern

Europe. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales,

Scotland and Northern Ireland.


Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast respectively.

The United Kingdoms flag is the Union Jack. Its red, white and blue.

Each country also has a national emblem or sign. The English emblem

is a red rose. The Welsh emblem is a vegetable or flower. The Scottish

emblem is a wild plant - a thistle. And the Irish emblem is another wild

plant - a shamrock. Its traditional in Britain to wear your countrys

emblem on its saints day. The leek doesnt go in a buttonhole, so the

Welsh often wear a daffodil. These are Britains patron saints and their

days. The Scots, Welsh and English dont really celebrate their national

saints days. But St. Patricks Day is important for Irish people all

over the world. In New York, for example, the Irish people always have a

big St. Patricks Day parade. Great Britain consists of England,

Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in

everyday speech Great Britain is used to mean the United Kingdom. The

capital of the UK is London.


London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.

Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster,

the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other

and seem to belong to different towns and epochs.


The Tower of London is associate with many important events in the

British history. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in

1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a

royal palace and a prison. Now it is a museum.


Westminster Abbey- more correctly, the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in

Westminster- is the most famous church in the English-speaking world and

one of the worlds great religious temples. Its stones and monuments

tell a story of English history over more than nine centuries. It houses

the shrine of the only English king to be recognised as a saint. Since

1066 it has been a Coronation church.


Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the

Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock

Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known

as Big Ben.


Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of Her Majesty. The

Queen and as such is one of the best known and most potent symbols of

the British monarchy.


Buckingham House- the building now completely enveloped by Buckingham

Palace- was built for John, first Duke of Buckingham, between 1702 and

1705. It was sold to the Crown in 1762 his illegitimate son, Sir Charles

Sheffield, for the sum of 28000 pounds. Buckingham Palace is the Queens

official London residence.


St. Pauls Cathedral is Christopher Wrens masterpiece. It was built

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