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НазваBiography of Samuel Morse (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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1791- 1872


Biography of Samuel Morse


SAMUEL FINLEY BREESE MORSE, LL.D., etc., inventor of the magnetic

telegraph, was the eldest son of the Rev. Jedediah Morse, D.D.,

geographer, and was born at Charlestown, Massachusetts, April 27th,

1791. He graduated at Yale College in 1810, and visited England with the

American painter, Washington Allston, to study painting with him and

Benjamin West. In 1813, he received the gold medal of the Adelphi

Society of Arts for his first effort in sculpture, the "Dying Hercules."

Returning to New York, he became the first president of the National

Academy of Design, and was appointed Professor of the Arts of Design in

the university of the city of New York. He did not give his entire

attention to art, but was interested in chemistry, and especially in

electrical and galvanic experiments; and on a voyage from Havre to New

York, in 1832, he conceived the idea of a magnetic telegraph, which he

exhibited to congress in 1837. He struggled on with scanty means until

1843, when, as he had almost yielded to despair, congress, at midnight,

and the last moments of the session, appropriated thirty thousand

dollars for an experimental line between Washington and Baltimore. For

his telegraphic inventions, Dr. Morse was rewarded by testimonials,

honors, orders of nobility and wealth. Several European states joined in

presenting him a purse of four hundred thousand francs, and banquets

were given him in London and Paris. Dr. Morse died in New York, April

2nd, 1872, at the age of eighty-one years.