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НазваBritish theatres(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:

British theatres

     Until reccently the history of the english theatre has  been build
around  actors  rather then companies.  It has been hard to find any
London theatre that even had a consistent policy.  There are no 
permanent  staff in British theatres.  Apply is rehearsed for a few
weeks by a company of actors  working  together  mostly

for the  first  time and it is allowed to run as long as it draws the
odious and pays it's way. Another peculiarity  of  the theatres in Great
Britain is an follows: there are two kinds of seats,  which can  be 
booked  an advanced (bookable),  and unbookable once have no numbers and
the spectators occupy them on  the  principal:  first  come  -  first
served. And  ancient  times  plays were acted inside churches and

later on the market places. The first theatre in England "The
Blackfries" build in 1576, and "The Globe" build in 1599,  which is
closely  connected  with William Shakespeare.  Speaking about our times
we should first of all mention "The English National theatre","The Royal
Shakespeare company" and "Covent Garden".

     "Covent Garden" used to be a fashionable promenade - it was, before
then,  a convent garden - but when it became overrun  with
flower-sellers, orange-vendors and vegetable-growers,  the people moved
to more exclusive surroundings farther west,  such as  "St. Jame's

     The first "Covent Garden theatre" was build in 1732.  It was burnt
down in 1808 and rebuild exactly a year after. It opened in September
1809, with Shakespeare's "Macbeth". Since the middle of the last 
century  "Covent  Garden" became exclusively devoted to opera.

     Now "Covent  Garden"  in busier than ever,  it is one of the few
well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it employs
over  600  people both of the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.


     It took over the  hundred  years  to  establish  a  national
theatre company.  It's  first  director  from  1962  was Lawrence
Olivier. This is the first state theatre Britain has ever had.  A
special building for it was opened in 1976. It has three theatres

in one:  "The Oliver  theatre",  the  biggest  is  for  the  main
classical repertoire;  "The Lyttilton",  a bit smaller is for new
writing and for visiting foreigh  countries  and  "The  Cottesloe
theatre", the  smallest  is  used  for  experimental  writing and

productions. "The Royal Shakespeare company" are devided  between the
country  and  the  capital and it's produces plays  mainly by
Shakespeare and his contempraries when it performs is  "Stratford
-on-Avon", and  modern plays in it's two auditoria in the Cities,
Barbican centre.


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