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Реферат на тему:

 

British theatres

 

Until reccently the history of the english theatre has been build

around actors rather then companies. It has been hard to find any

London theatre that even had a consistent policy. There are no

permanent staff in British theatres. Apply is rehearsed for a few

weeks by a company of actors working together mostly

 

for the first time and it is allowed to run as long as it draws the

odious and pays it's way. Another peculiarity of the theatres in Great

Britain is an follows: there are two kinds of seats, which can be

booked an advanced (bookable), and unbookable once have no numbers and

the spectators occupy them on the principal: first come - first

served. And ancient times plays were acted inside churches and

 

later on the market places. The first theatre in England "The

Blackfries" build in 1576, and "The Globe" build in 1599, which is

closely connected with William Shakespeare. Speaking about our times

we should first of all mention "The English National theatre","The Royal

Shakespeare company" and "Covent Garden".

 

"Covent Garden" used to be a fashionable promenade - it was, before

then, a convent garden - but when it became overrun with

flower-sellers, orange-vendors and vegetable-growers, the people moved

to more exclusive surroundings farther west, such as "St. Jame's

Square".

 

The first "Covent Garden theatre" was build in 1732. It was burnt

down in 1808 and rebuild exactly a year after. It opened in September

1809, with Shakespeare's "Macbeth". Since the middle of the last

century "Covent Garden" became exclusively devoted to opera.

 

Now "Covent Garden" in busier than ever, it is one of the few

well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it employs

over 600 people both of the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.

 

THE NATIONAL THEATRE

 

It took over the hundred years to establish a national

theatre company. It's first director from 1962 was Lawrence

Olivier. This is the first state theatre Britain has ever had. A

special building for it was opened in 1976. It has three theatres

 

in one: "The Oliver theatre", the biggest is for the main

classical repertoire; "The Lyttilton", a bit smaller is for new

writing and for visiting foreigh countries and "The Cottesloe

theatre", the smallest is used for experimental writing and

 

productions. "The Royal Shakespeare company" are devided between the

country and the capital and it's produces plays mainly by

Shakespeare and his contempraries when it performs is "Stratford

-on-Avon", and modern plays in it's two auditoria in the Cities,

Barbican centre.

 

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