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НазваCharlie Chaplin (1889-1977) (реферат)
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Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) because one the most famous stars in

motion-picture history. During the era of silent comedies, he was often

called "the funniest man in the world".

 

Chaplin also gained complete control over production of his films. He

wrote and directed nearly all his films, and he composed the music

scores for all his sound pictures.

 

Chaplin's stardom began in 1914, when he first appeared as "the Tramp"

or "the Little Fellow". Looking undersized and undernourished, Chaplin

wove battered pants much large. He walked in a shuffling manner that

suggested he had never worn a pair of shoes his own size. But this

figure of poverty also wove gloves and carried a bamboo cane that seemed

to reflect a spirit that bounces back from the most crushing defeats.

 

The last shot in many of Chaplin's early silent films shows him walking

down a road into the distance. The Tramp was home less and penniless

once more, but with hat tilted and cane flourishing, he again was ready

for whatever adventure lay around the corner.

 

In 1919, Chaplin formed the United Artists film corporation whith actor

Douglas Faivbank Sr., actress Mary Pickford and director D.W. Griffith.

He made fewer pictures, and those he made were longer and more serious.

 

He continued to create laughter, but he also seemed to be commenting on

why the world of respectability and authority offered so little to the

human soul.

 

His films during this time included "The Kid" (1920) and "The Gold

Rush" (1925). Chaplin played the Tramp in these films and in his first

two sound films, "City Lights" (1931) and "Modern Times" (1936). In "The

Great Dictator" (1940) he played two roles, a humble Jewish barber and a

tyrant based on the German dictator Adolf Hitler. Chaplin played a

murdered in "Monsieur Verdoux" (1947) and an elderly music hall comedian

in Limelight (1952).

 

Charles Spencer Chaplin was born into a poor London family. He became a

variety and music hall performed and began touring the United States in

1910. He lived in the U.S.A. for more that 40 years but never became a

citizen. In 1943 Chaplin married Dona O'Neill. It was Chaplin’s fourth

marriage.

 

In the 1940's and early 1950's, Chaplin was a center of controversy.

Some people criticized Chaplin's personal life as immoral and accused

him of supporting Communism. In 1952, Chaplin's traveled to Europe.

While he was in Europe, the U.S. government announced that Chaplin could

not reenter the United States unless hearings were held on his personal

life and political views. Chaplin decided in Switzerland.

 

In 1972, Chaplin visited the United States to participate in ceremonies

in his honor in New York City and Los Angeles. Chaplin received an

honorary Oscar at the annual Academy Award ceremonies in April. The

award praised Chaplin "for the incalculable effect he has had in making

motion pictures the art form of this century". In 1975, Chaplin was

knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

 

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