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НазваChildren in sport (тема)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Children in sport.


I Hello, and welcome to today's 'You & Yours'. On today's program we

look at children who are trying to be champions in the world of sport,

and the pressures they can be under to win. Now I spoke to Allan Baker,

the former British Athletics coach, and he had this to say.


AB Well the problem is that you want to find these children at quite a

young age, to train them and motivate them as early as "possible. At

that age they don't have social problems, you know they don't have

boyfriends or girlfriends, so they give their sport the whole of their

life. But they're so young that they can lose their childhood, and

they're adults before they're 16. But of course they're not adults at

all. Physically they can be quite developed, but emotionally they're

still children. Everybody's looking for the new young star of the

future, because there's a lot of money to be earned.


I Tennis is one of the sports where youngsters can play against their

elders with more than a chance of success. In America there are tennis

schools which accept children from as young as 9. So from the age of 9 a

boy or girl is playing tennis for four or five hours every day, and

doing ordinary school work around that. I spoke to the team manager of

the English Lawn Tennis Association, Pam de Grouchy.


PG You see, we've already seen two 14-year-old American girls, that's

Tracy Austin and Andrea Jaeger, playing at Wimbledon, and now, both at

18, they are now already showing the pressures on their bodies and their

minds, and people are beginning to question whether this is a good thing

for children. A 14-year-old just can't cope with the pressures of

Wimbledon, the tournament, the Wimbledon crowds, and the press

reporters. Well, I say to my girls, 'Stay at home, stay at school, do

the things that teenagers like doing. If you like swimming, well swim;

if you like going to dances, just go!' And if when they're older they'd

really like to be a professional tennis player, well, they'll be a

little older than the Americans, but they'll be better people for it, of

that I'm perfectly sure.


I Pam de Grouchy thinks that young players shouldn't be allowed to

become professionals until the age of 17 or 18 at least. I asked her

what was responsible for the pressures on the young players - was it the

money that can be earned, the parents, or perhaps the children



PG Oh no, it's the parents, without a shadow of a doubt. They want to

push their children. I get letters from parents saying, 'My little

Johnny enjoys playing tennis all day, and he'd like to learn only that

and be trained by a professional coach', and quite frankly I just don't

believe it.


I But what about the youngsters themselves? Robert, a 100-metre and

200-metre runner gave me an idea of his training program, and his own

very simple way of avoiding trouble.


R Well I train under a coach for three days a week, and then decide how

much running to do. If I've trained hard, well then maybe I run five

miles, you know, if not so much, then eight miles. Well, of course, I'd

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