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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваComposite Sentence (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Composite Sentence


It has been noted in grammar books that there exist more than three

hundred definitions of the sentence but it seems hardly possible to

arrive to a complete and exaustive definition of the sentence because

the unit itself possesses so many specific features that any attempt to

define it in all respects would seem futile. Moreover, the philosophical

outlook and the linguistic conception of scholars predetermine their

approach to the main communicative units of language.


a) The sentence is identified as a syntactical level unit possessing the

distinguishing features of such level-units and occupying its

appropriate place in the hierarchy of syntactic units.


b) The sentence is a predicative unit of quite definite type which is a

lingual representation of predicative thoughts.


c) The sentence is the main syntactic unit and the highest linguistic

form which may occur as part of the supersyntactic structural forms. The

sentence itself Is not a mere composition of words and word-groups, it

is a constructive integration of all the lower language units.


d) The sentence is a very complex linguistic entity. Its complexity is

revealed both in its content and expression sides. The content of the

sentence is the complex of semantic features whereas the expression of

the sentence is represented by the complex of its formal



e) the sentence is undoubtedly the main communicative unit of human

language with the help of which speech communication is achieved, and

without which the latter is inconsistent. The communicative force of the

sentence is its distinguishing qualitative characteristics which makes

it dominant over the rest of syntactic units of non-predicative and of

predicative nature.


The composite sentence, as different from the simple sentence, is formed

by two or more predicative lines.


Each predicative unit in a composite sentence makes up a clause in it,

so that a clause as part of a composite sentence corresponds to a

separate sentence as part of a contextual sequence. E.g.:


When I sat down is dinner I looked for an opportunity to slip in

casually the information that I had by accident run across the

Driffields; but news travelled fast in Blackstable (S. Maugham).


The cited composite sentence includes four clauses which are related to

one another on different semantic grounds. The sentences underlying the

clauses are the following:


I sat down to dinner. I looked for an opportunity to slip in casually

the information. I had by accident run across the Driffields. News

travelled fast in Blackstable.


In combination of sentences into larger units we may observe two

different types of grammatical relationship based upon relative position

and interaction of sentences. These are co-ordination and subordination.

This classification remains the prevalent scheme of the structural

classification of sentences in the grammars of all types in various

languages. A very important syntactic concept developed along with this

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