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НазваCustoms and Traditions(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:

Customs and Traditions

There are many customs and traditions in  England.  And  I  would like
to tell you some of them. First tradition is  called  "Wrong side of the
bed" When people are bad tempered we  say  that  they must have got out
of bed on the wrong side.  Originally,  it  was meant quiet literally.
People belive that the way  they  rose  in the morning affected their
behaivor throughout the day. The wrong side of the bed was the left
side. The left  always  having  been linked with evil.  Second  custom 
is  called  "Blowing  out  the candles" The custom of having candles on
birthday cakes goes back to the ancient Greeks. Worshippers of Artemis,
godess of the moon and hunting, used to place honey  cakes  on  the 
altars  of  her temples on her birthday. The cakes were round like the
full  moon and lit with tapers. This custom was next recorded in the 
middle ages when German peasants  lit  tapers  on  birthday  cakes,  the
number lit indicating the person's age,  plus  an  extra  one  to
represent the light of life. From earliest  days  burning  tapers had
been endoued with mystical significance and  it  was  belived that when
blown out they had the power to grant a secret wish and ensure a happy
year ahead. And the last tradition I would like to tell you is called
"The 5th of November" On the 5th  of  November in almost every otwn and
village in England  you  will  see  fire burning, fireworks, cracking
and lighting up the  sky.  You  will see too small groups of children
pulling round  in  a  home  made cart, a figure that looks something
like a man but consists of an old suit of clothes, stuffed with straw.
The children will sing:" Remember, remember the 5th of November; Gun
powder,  treason  and plot". And they will ask passers-by for "a penny
for the Guy" But the children with "the Guy" are not likely to know  who
 or  what day they are celebrating. They have done this more or less 
every 5th of November since 1605. At that time James the First  was  on
the throne. He was hated with many  people  especialy  the  Roman
catholics against whom many sever laws had been passed. A  number of
catholics chief of whom was Robert Catesby determined to  kill the King
and his ministers by blowing up the house of  Parliament with gunpowder.
To help them in  this  they  got  Guy  Fawker,  a soldier of fortune,
who would do the actual work. The  day  fixed for attempt was the  5th 
of  November,  the  day  on  which  the Parliament was to open. But one
of the consperators  had  several friends in the parliament and he
didn't want them to die.  So  he wrote a letter to Lord Monteagle
begging him to make some  excuse to be  absent  from  parliament  if  he
 valued  his  life.  Lord Monteagle took the letter hurrily to the King.
Guards  were  sent

at once to examine the cellars of the house  of  Parliament.  And there
they found Guy Fawker about to fire a trail  of  gunpowder. He was
tortured and hanged, Catesby was killed, resisting  arrest in his own
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