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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваEngland (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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England is the largest and richest country of Great Britain. For the

most part its territory is flat or hilly. There are upland regions in

the north and in Devon and Cornwall. The capital of England is London,

but there are other large industrial cities, such as Birmingham,

Liverpool, and Manchester. Other very interesting and famous cities are

York, Chester, Oxford and Cambridge.


Stonehenge is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world.

This ancient circle of stones stands in South-west England. It was built

between 3000 and 1500 B.C. and it measures 30 metres across. It is made

from massive blocks of stone up to 4 metres high. Why is was built is a

mystery. Some people think it was used for pagan religious ceremonies,

others consider it was a huge calendar used by Druids.


Not far from Stonehenge stands Salisbury Cathedral. It is a splendid

example of an English Gothic Cathedral; it has the highest spires in

England and it was built in the 12th century. Inside the cathedral there

is one of the copies of the Magna Charta and also the oldest clock in



The Lake District is a lovely region of lakes and mountains in

Northwest England, in a region called Cumbria. England’s largest lake,

Windermere and highest mountain, Scafell Pike, are here. The Romantic

poets Wordworth and De Quincey lived here and were called the Lake





Oxford is the oldest university of England and one of the most famous

cities in the world. It stands on the river Thames 90 km northwest from

London. More than 120,000 people have their homes here but the

population of the city is much larger due to a great number of students

who come to study here and thousands of tourists visiting it all year





London is famous for many things. Tourists come from all over the world

to visit its historical places, such as Cathedral, which has a huge

dome, and the Houses of Parliament, where you can see and hear the

famous clock, Big Ben. They also come to visit its theatres, museums,

and many shops, such as Harrods, where you can buy everything.


Like many big cities, London has problems with traffic and pollution.

Over 1.000.000 people a day use the London Underground, man cars are on

the streets.


The air isn’t clean, but it is cleaner than it was 100 years ago. Until

the Clean Air Act in 1956, London was famous for its fog or ‘smog’,

which is a mixture of smoke and fog.




London is one of the largest cities in the world. About seven million

people live here. London is more than two thousand years old. London’s

most famous sights are Tower Bridge, Big Ben and the Houses of

Parliament, Trafalgar Square and St. Paul’s Cathedral. You’ll see all

these places and much more of London from our red double-decker.


We start from Trafalgar Square. On the column in the center there is a

statue of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of

Trafalgar in 1805. To the left of us you can see the National Gallery.

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