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НазваEssay: years of un peacekeeping efforts (реферат)
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ESSAY: YEARS OF UN PEACEKEEPING EFFORTS

 

CONTENTS

 

Introduction

 

Origin of the UNO

 

The way UN works

 

Main bodies

 

Security Council activity

 

UN activity

 

UN peacekeeping missions

 

UN and human rights

 

UN humanitarian assistance to developing countries

 

Disarmament

 

UN activity in the sphere of disarmament

 

The problem of Iraqi military arsenal

 

5.2.1 Iraq/Kuwait conflict

 

5.2.2. UNIKOM Establishment

 

5.2.3. Blitzkrieg

 

Conclusion

 

References

 

Appendixes

 

I. INTRODUCTION

 

Most people are familiar with the work of the United Nations in

peacekeeping or in delivering humanitarian assistance to a far-off

country. But the many ways in which the UN has a direct impact on all

our lives, everywhere in the world, is not always so well-known.

 

Now that world mass media reflect the news about the UNO in detail, it

is very challenging to know different points of view, and I took an

interest in this problem. I heard about UN activity but didn’t reach the

main point, like the majority of my coevals, who are familiar with the

events that concern the UNO but don’t fully understand the essence of

them. UN activity in preserving peace has attracted me most of all. The

arms race, disputes between nations, wars, military conflicts have

turned into the real danger to the mankind. I think that people must

stop killing each other and end this violence. I’ve chosen the UN

peacekeeping missions and especially in Iraq as a specific example of

UN’s work. It is very urgent nowadays.

 

II. ORIGIN OF THE UNITED NATIONS

 

Day in, day out, the UN and its family of organizations work together

and individually to protect human rights; promote the protection of the

environment; help the advancement of women and the rights of children;

fight epidemics, famine, poverty. Throughout the world, the UN and its

agencies assist refugees and help improve telecommunication; deliver

food aid and protect consumers; combat disease and help expand food

production; make loans to developing countries and help stabilize

financial markets. UN agencies define the standards for safe and

efficient transport by air and sea, work to ensure respect for

intellectual property rights and coordinate allocation of radio

frequencies. The UN's work has a long-term impact on the quality of our

lives.

 

The name "United Nations" was devised by United States President

Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the "Declaration by United

Nations" of January 1, 1942, during the Second World War, when

representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue

fighting together against the Axis Powers.

 

The United Nations Charter was drawn up by the representatives of 50

countries at the United Nations Conference on International

Organization, which met at San Francisco from April 25 to June 26, 1945.

Those delegates deliberated on the basis of proposals worked out by the

representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the

United States at Dumbarton Oaks in August-October 1944. The Charter was

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