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НазваExploration Christopher Columbus(реферат)
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Реферат на тему:

 

Exploration

 

Christopher Columbus

 

300-400 years ago a great deal of the world was undiscoveried. But

now there seems little more to explore, the wild north was conquered,

the jungle was conquered too. And it seems that all the pages of the

great book called “The Earth” has been filled in, but exploration still

goes on.

 

In the 15th century people knew only 3 continents: Europe, Asia and

Africa. They knew nothing about America. The man who was thought to be

the discoverier of America was born in 1451 in Italy. His name was

Cristopher Columbus.

 

Knowing that the earth was round he desided to reach India by

sailing to the west. It was very difficult for him to organize an

expedition as nobody wanted to help him. At last the Spanish government

gave him some money. In the 1492 he sailed with 3 small ships in to the

Atlantic ocean. They had been sailing for more than 2 months and at last

they saw land. Columbus was certain that the lands he discoveried were

part of India and he called these islands “The West Indias”. He made 3

voyagers to America. His last voyage was made in 1502-1504. After that,

seriously ill, he remained in Spain until his death. He died believing

that Cuba was part of Asia. Colum-buse’s voyagers gave Europe first

important knowledge of the new world. Many places have been named in his

honour. America however was named after another explorer Amerigo

Vespucci.

 

Americus Vespucius (or Amerigo Vespucci, as the name is spelled in

Italian) was born in Florence, Italy, in 1454. He was in Spain at the

time of Columbus' first and second voyages. In a letter, written in 1504

and printed in 1505, he claimed to have made four voyages, on the first

of which, in 1497, he explored the South American coast. This would make

him the first European to land on the American continent, for at that

time Columbus had only reached the outlying islands. Most scholars

reject Vespucius' version of this voyage. Vespucius perhaps did

accompany a Spanish expedition that of Alonzo de Ojeda to South America

in 1499, and in 1501 and 1503 he probably went with Portuguese

expeditions. Probably he never commanded an expedition himself and, of

course, was not the first person to set foot on the continents to which

his name is given. Vespucius died in Seville, Spain, in 1512.

 

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