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: 2016-10-20
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Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald ()
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Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald



     Francis  Scott  Key  Fitzgerald,  one of  the  most outstanding

American  writers of  the  lost generation,  was  born  in  St. Paul,

Minnesota, in  the  family  of  unsuccessful  businessman. Yet  the 

money, inherited  from  Fitzgeralds  grandfarther, a  wealthy gro-

cer, enabled  him  to  attend  Princeton,  a  university  for  well  to

do  Americans. The  cult of  success, popular  at  Princeton, lies  at

the  basis of  Fitzgerald dual attitude  to  the  rich. Influenced  by 
the  spirit of  competition  ruling  at  the  University, he  tried  to
join  the  most  fashionable  and  respectable students clubs, enjoying
 their carefree, aristocratic,  idle  atmosphere. He  was fascinated by
the  independence, privileges and  elegance  that money gave. Money gave
style and ease and beauty. Poverty was mean, gray and narrow. It is much
 later  that he  found  out  the falseness  of  his  belief.

     Fitzgerald  left  Princeton  without  a degree  because  of 

and poor grades. However, his literary career started  at  the
University. He  wrote  pieces  for  the  The Tiger,  the  university 

magazine,  and  contributed  texts  to  several  campus  variety  shows.

     In 1917,  he  joined  the  army  as  a  second  lieutenant. All 

life  he  regretted  the  fact  that  he  spent  his  time  in  service 
in American  training  camps  and  was  never  sent  to  the  war  in

     His  major  novels  appeared  from  1920  to  1934:  This  side of
  Paradise  (1920) ,  The  Beautiful  and  Damned  (1922) , The
Great Gatsby  (1925)  and   Tender is the Night  (1934). Fitzgeralds
 best  stories  have  been  collected  in  four  volumes: 

 Flappers  and  Philosophers   (1920),   Tales of Jazz Age (1922),

All  the  Sad  Young  Men (1926)  and  Taps  at  Reveille (1925).

       The  main  theme  of  almost  all  Fitzgeralds  fiction  is  the
attraction  and  the  corrupting  force  of  money. Once  he  said  to

Hemingway ,  The  very  rich  are  different  from  you  and  me. And 
when  Hemingway  made  a  remark , Yes,  they  have  more money ,  he 
did  not  understand  the  joke. He  thought  that  they were a special 
glamorous  race  and  only gradually,  moving  from  one  painful 
revelation  to  another,  as  his  work progressed,  he found  out 
their  corruption,  inhumanity,  spiritual emptiness  and  futility. He 
found  it  out  together  with  his heroes  who  are  largely 

      Fitzgerald  is  the  first  American  author  to  portray  the 
lost generation,  a  generation,  for  whom  all  the  battles  have 

fought and all the gods were dead. The  young  generation  has

no  ideals  to  uphold  against  the  corruption  of  the  rich. They 
are  empty  people  afraid  of  poverty  and  idolizing  richness,
trying  to  fill  their  spiritual  void  with  all  kinds  of  wild

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