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НазваGreat Britain(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:


Great Britain.


The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland is situated on the British

Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and

Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over

244 000 square kilometers. The United Kingdom is made up of four

countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals

are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast respectively. Great Britain

consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern

Ireland. But in everyday speech Great Britain is used to mean the United

Kingdom. The capital of UK is London.


London is political, economic, culture and commercial center of the

country. It’s one of the largest cities in the world and the largest one

in Europe. The population of the city is over 8 million. London is also

one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world. The British

isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the

English channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the

Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The surface of the British Isles is

varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called

Highlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is

called Lowlands. The north and west of England are mountainous, but all

the rest - east, center and southeast - is a vast plain. Mountains are

not very high. There are a lot of rivers in GB, but they are not very

long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest

and most important one. The UK is one of the world’s smaller countries.

The population of the country is over 57 million and about 80% of it is

urban. The UK is highly developed industrial country. It’s known as one

of world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics,

textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. The UK is constitutional

monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen, but in practice, the

Queen reigns, does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected

government with the Primer Minister at the head. The British Parliament

consists of two chambers : the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

Now the Primer Minister of the United Kingdom is Tony Blair.







1. The United Kindom of Great Britan and Nothen Island is situated on

the British Iles not far from Europe. It consists of the island of Great

Britan, the north-easten part of Irland and a great number of small

islands. Such as: the Orkney, the Hebrides, the Isle of White and many



2. If you look at the map of europe you will see that Great Britan is

not large. It takes 6 hours to trevel in a fast train, from London, the

capital of England, to Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. And the June

from London to Plemouth takes a little over 4 hours by train.


3. There are 4 part of Great Britain England, the capital is London,

Scotland the capital is Edinburg, Walles the capital is Cardif and

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