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НазваHappy Easter (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Easter, annual festival commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
and the principal feast of the Christian year. It is celebrated on a
Sunday on varying dates between March 22 and April 25 and is therefore
called a movable feast. The dates of several other ecclesiastical
festivals, extending over a period between Septuagesima Sunday (the
ninth Sunday before Easter) and the first Sunday of Advent, are fixed in
relation to the date of Easter.

Connected with the observance of Easter are the 40-day penitential
season of Lent, beginning on Ash Wednesday and concluding at midnight on
Holy Saturday, the day before Easter Sunday; Holy Week, commencing on
Palm Sunday, including Good Friday, the day of the crucifixion, and
terminating with Holy Saturday; and the Octave of Easter, extending from
Easter Sunday through the following Sunday. During the Octave of Easter
in early Christian times, the newly baptized wore white garments, white
being the liturgical color of Easter and signifying light, purity, and


Easter, a Christian festival, embodies many pre-Christian traditions.
The origin of its name is unknown. Scholars, however, accepting the
derivation proposed by the 8th-century English scholar St. Bede, believe
it probably comes from Eastre, the Anglo-Saxon name of a Teutonic
goddess of spring and fertility, to whom was dedicated a month
corresponding to April. Her festival was celebrated on the day of the
vernal equinox; traditions associated with the festival survive in the
Easter rabbit, a symbol of fertility, and in colored easter eggs,
originally painted with bright colors to represent the sunlight of
spring, and used in Easter-egg rolling contests or given as gifts.

Such festivals, and the stories and legends that explain their origin,
were common in ancient religions. A Greek legend tells of the return of
Persephone, daughter of Demeter, goddess of the earth, from the
underworld to the light of day; her return symbolized to the ancient
Greeks the resurrection of life in the spring after the desolation of
winter. Many ancient peoples shared similar legends. The Phrygians
believed that their omnipotent deity went to sleep at the time of the
winter solstice, and they performed ceremonies with music and dancing at
the spring equinox to awaken him. The Christian festival of Easter
probably embodies a number of converging traditions; most scholars
emphasize the original relation of Easter to the Jewish festival of
Passover, or Pesach, from which is derived Pasch, another name for
Easter. The early Christians, many of whom were of Jewish origin, were
brought up in the Hebrew tradition and regarded Easter as a new feature
of the Passover festival, a commemoration of the advent of the Messiah
as foretold by the prophets.


According to the New Testament, Christ was crucified on the eve of
Passover and shortly afterward rose from the dead. In consequence, the
Easter festival commemorated Christ's resurrection. In time, a serious
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