Hippocrates — the Father of Medicine
One of the most honoured names in medicine is the name of the
Hippocrates He is often called the father of Medicine He was born m 460
or 459 B.C. (before Christ) on a small island of Cos near Greece. He
studied and lived for a long period in Athens.
His contemporaries considered him the wisest and the greatest physician.
Hippocrates was the head of the most flourishing medical school of his
age. He had many pupils and spread his leaching through out the Greek
world and even beyond.
Hippocrates was the author of hundred or more books in which he
described his ideas, methods and medical procedures.
The Hippocratic doctrines regard closely observations of the patients.
The physician should study all that can see, feel and hear in the
patient. He must closely examine the body of the patient, study his
respiration and learn his evacuations (sweat, urine and others).
Hippocrates paid much attention to making an accurate prognosis of
diseases His work of "On Prognostics” teaches that only a physician who
makes an accurate prognosis can acquire the confidence of the patient
Hippocrates noted the effect of food, occupation and especially climate
in causing diseases aid he advised the physician to observe the water
supply, the nature of the soil, the prevailing winds and the nabits of
the people in an unfamiliar town.
Hippocrates taught that healing comes through the power of natural
forces of the human organism. He proposed for the treatment to aid
nature in its healing power. According to Hippocrates the body has the
means of cure within itself.
Hippocrates advise for the treatment to use proper diet, gymnast-tics,
exercise, message and sea bathing.
He recommends to take less food at the height of disease and to use a
liquid diet in feverish.
From the beverages he recommends a honey vinegar, a paste of barley or
flour and a wine in small doses. Among purgatives were used milk
(especially asses milk), decoction of melon, cabbage and other plants,
often mixed with honey.
As narcotics were taken belladonna, opium, mandragora, etc.
Remedies for external use were practiced: vinegar, olive oil, and wine.
They were applied in compresses, irrigations and in treatment of wounds.
And the final aim of Hippocratic therapy is to begin treatment at the
right moment, to assist the human organism to increase its energy and to
combat the disease. In this period he recommends to use proper diet,
hygienic measures and the prescriptions, individualized for each case.
Гіппократ – батько медицини
Одним з найбільш почесних імен в медицині є ім'я Гіппократа. Його часто
називають батьком медицини. Він народився в 460 чи 459 році до нашої ери
(до народження Христа) на маленькому острові Кос біля Греції. Він вчився
і жив довгий час в Афінах.
Його сучасність представляє його наймудрішим і найграндіознішим
вчителем. Гіппократ був серцем найбільш процвітаючої медичної школи його
віку. Він мав багато учнів і розповсюджував свої вчення крізь грецький