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There are many national holidays in the world, when people all over the

country do not work and have special celebrations. For example in Russia

the major holidays are: New Year's Day, Victory Day. The first holiday

of the year is New Year's Day. People see the new year in at midnight on

the 31st of December.


They greet the new year with champagne and listen to the Kremlin chimes

beating 12 o'clock. There are lots of New Year traditions in Russia. In

every home there is a New Year tree glittering with colored lights and

decorations. Children always wait for Father Frost to come and give them

a present. Many people consider New Year's Day to be a family holiday.

But the young prefer to have New Year parties of their own. The greatest

national holiday in our country is Victory Day. On the 9lh of May, 1945,

the Soviet Army and its allies completely defeated the German fascists

and the Second World War ended. A lot of guests from different countries

of the world came to Moscow to participate in the celebrations.


There are fewer public holidays in Great Britain than in other European

countries. They are: Christmas Day, New Year's Day, Easter Monday,

Spring Bank Holiday. Public holidays in Britain arc called bank

holidays, because the banks as well as most of the offices and shops are

closed. The most popular holiday is Christmas. Every year the people of

Norway give the city of London a present. It's a big Christmas tree and

it stands in Trafalgar Square. Central streets are beautifully

decorated. The fun starts the night before, on the 24th of December.

Traditionally this is the day when people decorate their trees. Children

hang stockings at the end of their beds, hoping that Father Christmas

will come down the chimney during the night and fill them with toys and

sweets. New Year's Day is less popular in Britain than Christmas. But in

Scotland, Hogmanay is the biggest festival of the year.


Besides public holidays there are some special festivals in Great

Britain. There are also smaller, local festivals in Britain. Now a few

words about holidays in Brazil. The most important event in brazil -

this a festival in Rio-de-Janeiro, which passes each year at the end of

February the beginning of March. The festival lasts 4 days and 4 night.

In Rio there are special schools, which train the people to dance Samba

and Lambada. Each of these schools exposes on a holiday about 4000

dancers and 300 drummers. Other important event in Brazil in the year is

ancient religious holiday MACUMBA, which is celebrated by Brazilian in

the new year eve. During this holiday on sand of a beach KOPACABANA

people place drinks and meal and light candles thirsted in sand. People

in the midnight throw in the water their gifts and if ocean takes them,

the year will be successful, but if it throws out on a coast, the year

will not present.


In the different countries according to their traditions and history,

there is a set of various national holidays. But there is one thing,

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