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НазваHolydays in England (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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In England the New Year is not as widely observed as Christmas. Some

people ignore it. Many others do celebrate the New Year. The most common

type of celebration is a New Year party. It begins at 8 pm and goes on

until morning. There is a buffet supper of cold meat, pies, sandwiches,

cakes and biscuits. At midnight everyone can hear the chimes of Big Ben

and drink a toast to the New Year. Then the party goes on.


Another way of celebrating is to go to a New Year's dance. Dance halls

are decorated and there are several bands playing merry music.


The most famous celebration is in London round the statue in Piccadilly

Circus where crowds welcome the New Year. In Trafalgar Square someone

usually falls into the fountain.


Some people watch others celebrating on television. There are no

traditional English New Year festivities, and television producers show

Scottish ones.


Some people send New Year cards and give presents and make "New Year



On New Year's Day the "New Year Honours List " is published in the

newspapers of those who are to be given knighthoods, etc.




Saint Valentine's Day is observed on February 14. The first Valentine of

all was a bishop, who before he was put to death by the Romans sent a

note of friendship to his jailer's blind daughter. Roman soldiers had no

right to get married. Valentine wed them secretly and for this he was

sentenced. February 14 is the date of an old pagan festival when Roman

maidens put love letters into an urn to be drawn out by their boy





In England Easter is a time for the giving and receiving of presents

/Easter eggs/, for the Easter Bonnet Parade and hot cross buns. Nowadays

Easter eggs are made of chocolate but painting egg-shells is still

popular in some country districts. Emblems of Easter are also fluffy

chicks, baby rabbits, daffodils, catkins, and lily. They signify the

Nature's reawakening.


London greets the spring with Easter Parade on Easter Sunday. The parade

begins at 3 p.m. It consists of many decorated floats bearing the Easter

Princess and her attendants. The finest bands take part in the parade.




On Bank Holiday the town folk usually flock into the country and to the

coast. They take a picnic-lunch and enjoy their meal in the open.

Seaside towns near London are invaded by thousands of holiday-makers.


Bank holidays is also an occasion for big sports meeting. There are

large fairs, a Punch arid Judy show, and bingo. Many Londoners will

visit Whipsnade Zoo. There is also much boat activity on the Thames and

other rivers.




Christmas Day is observed on December 25. In Britain this day was a

festival long before the conversion to Christianity. On that day people

began the year and it was called "modranecht" - mother's night, Many

Christmas customs go back to pagan times. In 1644 the English puritans

forbade the keeping of Christmas by Act of Parliament. At the

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