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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваHorse-breeding in the Tambov Area(пошукова робота)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Horse-breeding

 

in the Tambov Area

 

 

Historically Tambov area has been known as the territory of chanters. By

the amount of private stud farms it challenged superiority of Voronezh,

Oryol and Kursk areas. The development of horse breeding in many

respects was promoted by two circumstances. First because of the flood

plains, where the herds freely grazed (only in one Morshansk area today

are left about 20 thousands hectares even after rash ploughing up of a

large part of flood plains). Secondly, and it is also important, the

deep pocket of the Tambov landowners. They had large and sometimes

fabulous capitals. So, one of brothers Archarov’s, the holder of

extensive lands in Rasskasovo area, bestowed him by Katherine П, handed

the whole horse regiment to the Tambov national militia in 1812, by

putting on the horses his own bonded recruits. He also gave regimentals,

armed and supplied the regiment with provisions for three months. Nobody

in Russia made such generous gift for army that time.

 

Count Stroganov, princess Golitsina, general Lanskoy (the second

husband of Natalya Goncharova), Bashmakov - the Tambov millionaire and

holder of gold mines beyond Urals, old-line noblemen the Naryshkin’s,

the Arapov’s and many other had their own stud farms in Tambov area. The

Lavrovsky stud farm, which nowadays has worldwide glory, was built in

Tambov land by the landowner Voeykov.

 

The merchantry tried not to drop behind from the aristocracy. One

of the Aseev’s brothers, the holder of Arzhenka cloth factory, has

purchased the stud farm from a widow of the local broken landowner

Kruchenkov. The example of Aseev, but without the raping, was followed

also by other industrial aces from the districts of the region. It was

considered very prestigiously.

 

We should remember that horse-breeding remained one of the few

worthy commercial activities for the aristocrats. In 1840, when

Chicherin, the relative of our future Minister for Foreign Affairs, has

opened distillery in Lyada and the landowners Tulinov and Poltoratsky

have purchased cloth factories, noble society has apprehended it as

mauvais ton. But the pinces and dukes and members of the tsarist family

very well descended to trading horses from theirs stud farms.

 

All reading Russia knew from the story by Turgenev about inveterate

chanters from the district city of Tambov region with a beautiful name -

Lebedyan. But only few know today, that the fans of equitation created

there the first Russian association and issued first horseracing

journal. Much earlier than in metropolis and Moscow, the prize-winning

horserace of Oryol trotters were arranged in Lebedyan. Several years

later the same association of equitation fans was also established in

Tambov. This association built on share contributions the three-storey

building for its club on former Dvortsovaya, nowadays Sovietskaya

Street, one of first in the center of our city (now The Department of

Communications). In this club the horse-breeders from all Tambov

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