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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваПрактичне застосування мови: офіційна і неофіційна англійська (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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"Практичне застосування мови: офіційна і неофіційна англійська”


(англійський текст з перекладом)




Language is a form of our living. We can express ourselves with the

help of it. Language is a soul of every nationality, its saint thing,

the dearest treasure. By the level of its development we can judge about

the development of the spiritual side of every nation. It has often been

difficult for the English learners to choose a suitable word or phrase

in a certain situation. It is happening because English is divided into

two big groups, formal and informal language. But what parts of the

language are defined to be either formal or informal? This question is

raised when we need to write a letter to our pen friend, who lives in

another country, or to write a formal letter in official business style.

In order to omit different linguistic problems and mistakes we need to

realize clearly which grammatical structures refer to each of these

styles. That is why I have chosen this topic for my future

investigation. I have tried to find rare and interesting books dedicated

to this topic and I tend to think that they helped me to develop and

enlarge my work. My work consists of several parts that have different

information directions. In the first part steps of Standard English

formation are described. The Eastern Midlands dialect, the dialect of

one part of the country, became the national, standard written language

for the whole country. The work continues by the analysis of English

grammar.  It is often been said that English has no grammar, or that, if

it has, there are no rules in it. English has indeed very few of the

kind of inflections, on the end of nouns and verbs, that play such an

important part in the grammar of many other languages. Nor has English

grammar a place for gender in nouns. Most English that we learn can be

used in a wide range of situations. But we will also hear or see

language that is formal or informal, sometimes very formal or very

informal. We need to be more careful with this language because it may

not be suitable in certain situations. Formal English is more common in

writing than speaking. It is found in notices, business letters, and

legal English; but we can also hear examples in spoken English.  In

general, informal language is more common in spoken English than written

English. Certain types of language are often informal: - most uses of

get are informal; - many phrasal verbs are informal; - many idioms are

informal  Vague language and slang are also examples of informal

English.   Vague means ‘not clear or precise or exact’. Slang is a form

of very informal language. It includes words used by particular  groups

of people (e.g. some young people may refer to ‘drugs’ as dope), and

also words which many people think are impolite and unacceptable in most

situations. We should not use these words, but some of them are quite

common. Study of the informal language has a deeper analysis in my work,

because this type of language is used by the great amount of people. The

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