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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваLesya ukrainka (1871-1913) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Lesya Ukrainka is a famous Ukrainian poetess. Her life and poetry cannot
but arouse a feeling of administration. Her right name was  Larissa 
Kosach.  But  she  entered  the  world of  literature  under the 
pennane  Lesya  Ukrainka  and  became  known  as  a  brilliant  poetess.

Lesya Ukrainka’s  character  and  views  took  snape  under the
influence  of  folk  traditions  and  cultural  progressives  who  were
frequent visitors  at  the  house  of  her  mother,  Ukrainian  writer
Olena  Pchilka.  Lesya Ukrainka's uncle  Mikhailo  Drahomanov  was
persecuted  by  the  czarist  government  and  lived  in  еmіgration in 
Bulgaria.   The  great  Ukrainian  composer  Mykola Lysenko and  one of
the  founders  of  Ukrainian theatre  Mikhailo  Staritsky were the
Kosach's  close  friends.  Young  Lesya  was  a  sensitive  girl. She 
felt  deep  sympathy  for  her  people  who  suffered  from  czarist
national  and  social  oppression.   When she was nine, her  aunt, а
member  of  the  national  liberation  movement,  was  exiled Siberia.
Lesya  responded  to  this  dramatic  family  event  by  writing her 
first  poem,   “Hope”.  From  that  tine  Lesya  Ukrainka  constantly
raisad  her  voice  in  defence  of  human  dignity.

Lesya  Ukrainka's  literary  legacy  is  rich.   It  includes  poetry 
collections  (“On  Wings  of  Songs”,   “Thoughts  and  Dreams”,
“Echoes”),  dramatic  poems,  prose,  critical  articles,  studies  in
folklore  and  translations  from  many  languages.  And  this  large
amount  of  work  was  done by  a  person  who  lived  less  than 
forty-two years. From  childhood  to  the  end  of  her  life  she 
battled  tuberculosis.  Her  illness  drove  her  from  clinic  to 
clinic,  from country  to  country.  She  was  in  the  Crimea,  
Bulgaria,  Vienna, Berlin,   Italy,  Egypt,  Georgia.  Unlike  other 
people  who  travelled to see exotic lands, Lesya Ukrainka  took  her 
foreign  travels  as a  bitter  necessity,  which  often  drained  her 
of  the  last  cent. She never  wasted  her  time  though.  She  studied
 the  history,  language,  culture and way of life of every country she

Lesya Ukrainka knew many foreign languages and, already in her early
years, read classical literature in the original for self -education
(she could not go to school because of her illness).

Lesya Ukrainka worked towards acquainting her people with world culture.
She thoroughly arranged a list of a World Library series or the
Ukrainian reader.

In February 1971 the whole world celebrated the centenary of Lesya
Ukrainka’s birthday. Her poetry, based on folk traditions and penetrated
by advanced social and aesthetic ideas, made her a poetess of
international caliber.


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