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НазваLondon (тема)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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London  is  the  capital  of Great  Britain,  its  political,  economic
and  commercial centre. It  is  one of  the  largest  cities  in the
world (together with Tokyo and New York)  and the  largest  city  in

The  city  is very old. It  has more  then  20 centuries old  history.
Once, London was a small Roman town on the north bank of the Thames, but
slowly it grew into one of the world’s major cities with population of
about 8 million. Fewer people live in the centre now, but the suburbs
are still growing.

Traditionally London is divided  into  several parts:  the  City, 
Westminster,  the West  End and  the  East  End.  They are very
different from each other.

The  city  is  the oldest part  of  London,  it's  financial  and
business centre.  Numerous banks,  offices  and  firms  are 
concentrated here  including  the Bank of  England,  the  Stock Exchange
 and the Old Bailey.  Few people  live  in the City but  over  a million
come  to work here.  Two masterpieces  are  situated within the  City: 
St.  Paul's Cathedral  and  the Tower  of  London.  St.  Paul's 
Cathedral was  built in  the  17th century by  Christopher Wren.  The 
Tower  of  London was  built in the  11th century.  It was used as  a 
fortress,  a palace  and  a prison. Now  it's  a museum.

Westminster  is  the  aristocratic official part  of  London.  It
includes  Buckingham Palace where  the Queen  lives  and  the Houses of 
Parliament  stretching  for nearly 1000 feet  along the  north bank of 
the Thames. The  Clock Tower  of  the Houses  of  Parliament  is  famous
 for  its  big hour  bell, known as  "Big Ben".

Westminster Abbey  is  the place where  coronation of  nearly all  kings
and  queens  has  taken  place.  Many  of  them  are  buried  here  as 
well  as some  other  famous people of  the  country  (G.  Chaucer,
Tennyson,  Newton, Ch.  Dickens, T. Hardy, R. Kipling, etc.).

The West  End  is  the  richest  and most  beautiful  part  of  London.
It  is  a  symbol  of wealth  and  luxury.  The  best  hotels, 
restaurants, shops,  clubs,  parkland  houses  are  situated  there. 
English aristocracy lives  in this  region.  One  of  the  busiest 
streets  in the West  End  is Oxford  street.  There  are many various 
shops  in  it  which attract — customers  from different countries of
the world.

By the day the whole of London is busy. At night, the offices are quiet
and empty, but the West End stays alive, because this is where Londoners
come to enjoy themselves. There are two opera houses here, several
concert halls and many theatres, as well as cinemas, and in nearby Soho
the pubs, restaurants and night-clubs are busy half the night.

Trafalgar  Square  is  the  geographical  centre of  London.  It was
named  in the memory of Admiral  Nelson's  victory at  the  battle  of
Trafalgar  in  1805. The  tall  Nelson's  Column  stands  in the middle
of the  square.

Opposite  the Nelson’s monument  is  the National  Gallery and  the
National  Portrait  Gallery.  They contain  the  finest  art 
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