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НазваManagers do things right Leaders do the right things (курсова робота)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Managers do things right


Leaders do the right things…


Value Based Leadership Theory




“Leaders are dealers in hope” Bonaparte Napoleon


“We will build a winning tradition” Vince Lombardi to the Green

Bay Packers


Consider the above quotations. These statements of leaders reflect

commitment to a value position. In this paper I am going to describe a

brand new theory of leadership, developed by Professor House - the

Value Based Leadership Theory. I will also present a preliminary test of

several hypotheses derived from Value Based Theory. The tests of

hypotheses are based on data descriptive of 25 relationships between

chief executives and their immediate subordinates. As a concrete

example, I am going to present the results of the real interviews, which

took plase in Russia in 1999 among the CEOs. In the process of testing

these hypotheses I replicate the study of charismatic leadership in the

U. S. presidency conducted by House, Spangler & Woycke (1991) using a

sample of chief executive officers and different measurement methods.

What I am trying to prove in this paper is the following: It was

considered to think that managers are always the leadres in the

organization. This opinion was proved to be wrong. According to the

first research which appaered in press in the end of 70-s: manager is

the position, and leader is the person who leads others to the desired

result. According to the personal trends and characteristics, managers

should be leaders, and they are, but not always. The question of

leadership is a very interesting topic for me, personally.


I am deeply interested in the question of leadership, and I do think,

that this question and the existing theories have a long life to live.

Leadership is a real fact, which has already been proved. You can be a

born leader, but you also can create the leader in yourself. You can

manage to influence, motivate and enable others. You can succeed,

because there is nothing impossible for a human being. Especially, if he

is intelligent on the one hand and really wishes to achieve something on

the other.




During the period between the mid-seventies and the present time a

number of theories have been introduced into the leadership literature.

These new theories and the empirical research findings constitute a

paradigm shift in the study of leadership. The theories to which I

refer are the 1976 Theory of Charismatic Leadership (House, 1977), the

Attributional Theory of Charisma (Conger & Kanungo, 1987), and the

Transformational Theory (Burns, 1978; Bass, 1985), and Visionary

Theories of Leadership (Bennis & Nanus, 1985; Sashkin, 1988; Kousnes &

Posner, 1987).


I believe these theories are all of a common genre. They attempt to

explain how leaders are able to lead organizations to attain outstanding

accomplishments such as the founding and growing of successful

entrepreneurial firms, corporate turnarounds in the face of overwhelming

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