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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваNational flag of Ukraine. National emblem of Ukraine (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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National FLAG OF UKRAINE.

 

NATIONAL EMBLEM OF UKRAINE

 

The combination of the blue and yellow colours – “Ukrainian colours” –

reaches far back into pre-Christian times. These colours predominated on

the flags of the medieval Kyivan State and were prominent during the

Cossack age.

 

First accepted as the national Ukrainian flag by the Supreme Ukrainian

Council in Lviv in 1848, the blue-and-yellow flag met with popular

approval in all parts of Ukraine at the beginning of the 20th century.

 

On 22 March 1918 the blue-and-yellow flag was ratified as the national

flag of the independent Ukrainian National Republic, and with the

unification of all Ukrainian lands in 1919, it became the only Ukrainian

flag. With the trident, the blue-and-yellow flag for many years

symbolized the aspirations of the Ukrainian people for independence.

 

Following the Declaration of Independence, the blue-and-yellow flag

adopted as the national flag of Ukraine by an Act of Parliament on the

28th of January, 1992.

 

The trident is an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people dating back to more

than 3000 years. In the 10th century it became the dynastic coat of arms

of the Kyivan princes, including Volodymyr the Great and Yaroslav the

Wise.

 

With the restoration of Ukrainian independence, the trident was adopted

as the official emblem of the Ukrainian National Republic in 1918.

 

The trident together with the blue-and-yellow flag have served for many

generations as the symbol of the Ukrainian struggle for independence.

 

By an Act of Parliament on the 19th of February, 1992, the trident once

again became the national emblem of Ukraine, symbolizing the united

historical development of Ukrainian people.

 

Word List:

 

to predominate [pri’d mineit] – господствовать, преобладать – панувати,

переважати

 

to accept [ k’sept] – принимать; допускать – приймати, допускати;

визнавати

 

to Supreme Ukrainian Council – Верховный Совет Украины – Верховна Рада

України

 

approval [ ’pru:v l] – одобрение, рассмотрение – схвалення, розгляд

 

unification – воссоединение - воз'єднання

 

trident [‘traident] – трезубец - тризуб

 

to symbolize [‘simb laiz] – символизировать - символізувати

 

aspirations [, sp ’rei n] – стремление; сильное желание – прагнення,

сильне бажання

 

the Declaration of Independence – Декларация о независимости –

Декларація про незалежність

 

ancient symbol – древний символ – прадавній символ

 

restoration [,rest ’rei n] – реставрация, воостановление, реконструкция

– реставрація, відновлення, реконструкція

 

to adort [ ’d rt] – принимать - приймати

 

generation [,d en ’rei n] – поколение – покоління, генерація.

 

Questions:

 

What colours predominated on the flags or the medieval Kyivan State and

were prominent during the Cossack age?

 

When was the blue-and-yellow flag met with popular approval in all parts

of Ukraine?

 

When was the blue-and-yellow flag ratified as the national flag or the

independent Ukrainian National Republic?

 

Is the trident an ancient an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people?

 

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