THE GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF UKRAINE
Ukraine is situated in the eastern part of Europe. It borders on Russia
in the east, Belorussia in the north, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania
and Moldova in the west. Ukraine is washed by the Sea of Azov and the
Black Sea in the south. The area of Ukraine is more than 603 thousand
square kilometers. The most part of its area is flat. There are the
Crimean Mountains in the south and the Carpathians in the west.
The territory of our country lies in three main zones: mixed forests,
forest-steppes and steppes. The flora and fauna of our country are
extremely rich. The nature of Ukraine is especially beautiful. There are
131 rivers in Ukraine. The longest rivers are the Dniester, the Donets,
the Bug. The rivers of Ukraine are navigable. There are more than three
hundred cities and towns in Ukraine. The biggest of them are Kharkiv,
Donetsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Lviv. Odessa, Mikolayiv, Kherson, Kerch are
the most important ports of Ukraine. The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv. It
is an administrative, industrial, scientific and cultutal centre.
Ukraine is rich in mineral resources: coal, oil, gas. different ores.
Some of them are of industrial importance. Ukraine is a developed
industrial country. Ukraine produces up-to-date instruments, electronic
microscopes, synthetic diamonds. Ukraine is an agricultural country. Its
soil is fertile. The geographical position of Ukraine is favourable for
maintaining close economic relations with many European countries.
VTHE CLIMATE OF UKRAINE
The climate of Ukraine is temperate continental. The average temperature
in January is 7 degrees below zero, in July it is 17 degrees above zero.
The winters are frosty. Sometimes the temperature is 20-25 degrees below
zero. The weather varies greatly from year to year. Sometimes it often
rains throughout a year and sometimes it is very dry. On the main part
of the country rain falls enough to cultivate different agricultural
plants. The climate of the Crimea differs from that on the main
territory. The climate here is subtropical. The winter temperature is
about 4 degrees above zero and the average temperature in summer is
about 22 degrees above zero. There are a lot of evergreen plants in the
Crimea. Comparing the climate in Ukraine with the climate in other
European countries we may say that summers are hotter in Ukraine and
winters are colder.
KYIV - THE CAPITAL OF UKRAINE
Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. It's one of the oldest cities of
Europe. Kyiv is situated on the picturesque banks of the Dnieper river.
The population of Kiev is about 3 million. Kyiv is a large political,
industrial and cultural centre. Kyiv is a seat of the higher body of
state power of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada. Kyiv is a scientific centre.
Kyiv's cultural life is rich and varied. There are many theatres,
museums, exhibitions in Kyiv. The most important educational
institutions of Ukraine are in Kyiv. The Natiuonal Ukrainian University
named after Shevchenko is in the centre of the capital. Kyiv is the
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