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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваТексти про Україну (англійською мовою) (шпаргалки)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Ukraine is situated in the eastern part of Europe. It borders on Russia

in the east, Belorussia in the north, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania

and Moldova in the west. Ukraine is washed by the Sea of Azov and the

Black Sea in the south. The area of Ukraine is more than 603 thousand

square kilometers. The most part of its area is flat. There are the

Crimean Mountains in the south and the Carpathians in the west.


The territory of our country lies in three main zones: mixed forests,

forest-steppes and steppes. The flora and fauna of our country are

extremely rich. The nature of Ukraine is especially beautiful. There are

131 rivers in Ukraine. The longest rivers are the Dniester, the Donets,

the Bug. The rivers of Ukraine are navigable. There are more than three

hundred cities and towns in Ukraine. The biggest of them are Kharkiv,

Donetsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Lviv. Odessa, Mikolayiv, Kherson, Kerch are

the most important ports of Ukraine. The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv. It

is an administrative, industrial, scientific and cultutal centre.

Ukraine is rich in mineral resources: coal, oil, gas. different ores.

Some of them are of industrial importance. Ukraine is a developed

industrial country. Ukraine produces up-to-date instruments, electronic

microscopes, synthetic diamonds. Ukraine is an agricultural country. Its

soil is fertile. The geographical position of Ukraine is favourable for

maintaining close economic relations with many European countries.




The climate of Ukraine is temperate continental. The average temperature

in January is 7 degrees below zero, in July it is 17 degrees above zero.

The winters are frosty. Sometimes the temperature is 20-25 degrees below

zero. The weather varies greatly from year to year. Sometimes it often

rains throughout a year and sometimes it is very dry. On the main part

of the country rain falls enough to cultivate different agricultural

plants. The climate of the Crimea differs from that on the main

territory. The climate here is subtropical. The winter temperature is

about 4 degrees above zero and the average temperature in summer is

about 22 degrees above zero. There are a lot of evergreen plants in the

Crimea. Comparing the climate in Ukraine with the climate in other

European countries we may say that summers are hotter in Ukraine and

winters are colder.




Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. It's one of the oldest cities of

Europe. Kyiv is situated on the picturesque banks of the Dnieper river.

The population of Kiev is about 3 million. Kyiv is a large political,

industrial and cultural centre. Kyiv is a seat of the higher body of

state power of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada. Kyiv is a scientific centre.

Kyiv's cultural life is rich and varied. There are many theatres,

museums, exhibitions in Kyiv. The most important educational

institutions of Ukraine are in Kyiv. The Natiuonal Ukrainian University

named after Shevchenko is in the centre of the capital. Kyiv is the

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