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НазваSlang, youth subcultures and rock music (дипломна робота)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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на тему:

 

SLANG, YOUTH

 

SUBCULTURES

 

AND ROCK MUSIC

 

PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT=" PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT= " CONTENTS

 

I. Introduction

 

II. Slang

 

1. Definition

 

2. Origins

 

3. Development of slang

 

4. Creators of slang

 

5. Sources

 

6. Linguistic processes forming slang

 

7. Characteristics of slang

 

8. Diffusion of slang

 

9. Uses of slang

 

10. Attitudes toward slang

 

11. Formation

 

12. Position in the Language

 

III. Youth Subcultures

 

1. The Concept of Youth Subcultures

 

2. The Formation of Youth Subcultures

 

3. The Increase of Youth Subculture

 

4. The Features of Youth Subcultures

 

5. The Types of Youth Subcultures

 

6. The Variety of Youth Subcultures

 

IV. Rock Music

 

1. What is rock?

 

2. Rock in the 1950s

 

3. Rock in the 1960s

 

4. Rock in the 1970s

 

5. Rock in the 1980s and '90s

 

 

V. Rock subcultures

 

Hippie

 

Punk

 

Mod

 

Skinhead

 

Goth

 

Industrial

 

Hardcore

 

Straight Edge

 

Grunge

 

Alternative

 

Metal

 

VI. Dictionary

 

Dictionary of youth slang during 1960-70’s

 

Dictionary of modern British slang

 

VII. Bibliography

 

INTRODUCTION

 

My graduation paper is devoted to the study of the topic “Slang, youth

subcultures and rock music.” This work consists of 5 parts. The first

part is about slang. What is it?

 

PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT= " PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT= "

 

Slang, informal, nonstandard words and phrases, generally shorter lived

than the expressions of ordinary colloquial speech, and typically formed

by creative, often witty juxtapositions of words or images. Slang can be

contrasted with jargon (technical language of occupational or other

groups) and with argot or cant (secret vocabulary of underworld groups),

but the borderlines separating these categories from slang are greatly

blurred, and some writers use the terms cant,argot, and jargon in a

general way to include all the foregoing meanings.

 

PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT= " Origins of slang

 

PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT= " PRIVATE "TYPE=PICT;ALT= " Slang tends to

originate in subcultures within a society. Occupational groups (for

example, loggers, police, medical professionals, and computer

specialists) are prominent originators of both jargon and slang; other

groups creating slang include the armed forces, teenagers, racial

minorities, ghetto residents, labor unions, citizens-band

radiobroadcasters, sports groups, drug addicts, criminals, and even

religious denominations (Episcopalians, for example, produced spike, a

High Church Anglican). Slang expressions often embody attitudes and

values of group members. They may thus contribute to a sense of group

identity and may convey to the listener information about the speaker's

background. Before an apt expression becomes slang, however, it must be

widely adopted by members of the subculture. At this point slang and

jargon overlap greatly. If the subculture has enough contact with the

mainstream culture, its figures of speech become slang expressions known

to the whole society. For example, cat (a sport), cool (aloof, stylish),

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