Ministry of General and Professional Education
of Russian Federation
Tula State University
Department of Sociology
Social Stratification and Mobility
Fulfilled by: Golopolosov Dmitry
Checked by: Scherbakova V.P.
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What is Stratification? 3
Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis PAGEREF
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Social mobility PAGEREF _Toc470871961 \h 4
Identifying social classes PAGEREF _Toc470871962 \h 5
Middles rank according to profession PAGEREF _Toc470871964 \h 6
What is Stratification?
Social stratification is a structured ranking of individuals and groups
– their grading into horizontal layers or strata.
There are two different types of stratification systems: open system and
closed system. Open system is a stratification system, in which people
can change their status with relative ease. Closed system is a
stratification system, in which people have great difficulty in changing
I think that there is a closed system in our country, because a person
having nothing-valuable resources can’t change his social status. For
example, ordinate engineer can’t suddenly become a bank officer with
greater income. Person must have some capital, money, bank securities or
intellectual capital. But, I think, nowadays there is a great tendency
in our society to have more money than an intellect, i.e. money capital
is more preferable than a great intellectual potential of our nation.
The study of social stratification is the study of class, caste,
privilege, status that is characteristic of a particular society. It
varies according to how society is organized especially in terms of
production and work. We will emphasize class.
What is the connection between the question: what do you want to be when
you grow up and social stratification (especially the class character of
the society you live in)? Your position in society and the rewards that
will be associated with it. It has an impact on your possibility of
realistically meeting your opportunities for mobility. Mobility refers
to the likelihood that you can achieve a class, caste different from
where you come from, your roots. Mobility and stratification are
What image does strata invoke as a model of the social world? Strata
comes the natural sciences. Dr. Brush argues that it is interesting that
sociologists use a natural phenomena to talk about social phenomena. It
seems to contradict the main message of the course: our world is
socially constructed phenomena and not a natural process. Thus,
stratification is not equal to natural accretion.
Hypothesis posed by a classmate: society needs stratification to be
healthy and keep the peace. Which of the three main sociological
perspectives supports this statement? The functionalist perspective.
Most stratification arguments come out of this perspective. The second
part of the hypothesis (to keep the peace) relates more to the conflict
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