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НазваSocial Stratification and Mobility (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Ministry of General and Professional Education


of Russian Federation


Tula State University


Department of Sociology


Social Stratification and Mobility


Fulfilled by: Golopolosov Dmitry


group 220671


Checked by: Scherbakova V.P.


Tula, 1999


TOC \o "1-3"


What is Stratification? 3


Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis PAGEREF

_Toc470871960 \h 4


Social mobility PAGEREF _Toc470871961 \h 4


Identifying social classes PAGEREF _Toc470871962 \h 5


Middles rank according to profession PAGEREF _Toc470871964 \h 6


References 7



What is Stratification?


Social stratification is a structured ranking of individuals and groups

– their grading into horizontal layers or strata.


There are two different types of stratification systems: open system and

closed system. Open system is a stratification system, in which people

can change their status with relative ease. Closed system is a

stratification system, in which people have great difficulty in changing

their status.


I think that there is a closed system in our country, because a person

having nothing-valuable resources can’t change his social status. For

example, ordinate engineer can’t suddenly become a bank officer with

greater income. Person must have some capital, money, bank securities or

intellectual capital. But, I think, nowadays there is a great tendency

in our society to have more money than an intellect, i.e. money capital

is more preferable than a great intellectual potential of our nation.


The study of social stratification is the study of class, caste,

privilege, status that is characteristic of a particular society. It

varies according to how society is organized especially in terms of

production and work. We will emphasize class.


What is the connection between the question: what do you want to be when

you grow up and social stratification (especially the class character of

the society you live in)? Your position in society and the rewards that

will be associated with it. It has an impact on your possibility of

realistically meeting your opportunities for mobility. Mobility refers

to the likelihood that you can achieve a class, caste different from

where you come from, your roots. Mobility and stratification are



What image does strata invoke as a model of the social world? Strata

comes the natural sciences. Dr. Brush argues that it is interesting that

sociologists use a natural phenomena to talk about social phenomena. It

seems to contradict the main message of the course: our world is

socially constructed phenomena and not a natural process. Thus,

stratification is not equal to natural accretion.


Hypothesis posed by a classmate: society needs stratification to be

healthy and keep the peace. Which of the three main sociological

perspectives supports this statement? The functionalist perspective.

Most stratification arguments come out of this perspective. The second

part of the hypothesis (to keep the peace) relates more to the conflict

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