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НазваSport and healthy way of life : run your way to health(реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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Sport and healthy way of life : run your way to health

 

When I started running seven years ago, I could manage only about a

quarter of a mile before I had to stop. Breathless and aching, I walked

the next quarter of a mile, then I jogged the next quarter of a mile,

alternating these two activities for a couple of miles. Within a few

weeks I could jog half way round Hampstead Heath without stop-ping. Soon

I started to run up the quarter-mile slope to the top of Parliament

Hill, although I had to stop at the top to get my breath back.

Eventually I found that I could even manage to get up the hill

comfortably. I started to run because I felt desperately unfit. But the

biggest pay-off for me was—and still is— the deep relaxation that I

achieve by taking exercise. It tires me out but I find that it does calm

me down. In those early days I saw few other runners. Now there are many

more—and not just the macho sports freaks. Men and women of all ages

have now taken up running. Some 25,000 runners aged five to 85 are

attracted each year to the Sunday Times Fun Run in Hyde Park. In the

last two years the London Marathon has become the biggest British

sporting event— overtaking the boat race and the Derby in the number of

spectators it attracts. When I started to jog I never dreamt of running

in a marathon, but in 1982 I realized that if I trained for it, it was

within my reach, and after a slow, six-month build-up I man-aged the

26.2 miles in just under four hours. A creditable performance for a

first-timer and a far cry from those days when I had to stop for breath

after a quarter of a mile. What about heart attacks?My story shows that

an unfit 39-year-old, as I was when I started running, who had taken no

serious exercise for 20 years, can do the marathon—and that this is a

sport in which women can beat men. But is it crazy to do it? Does it

make sense to run in the expectation of becoming healthier? What about

the chances of injuring yourself or dying of a heart attack? I was

personally convinced of the health benefits of running because I felt

unfit, and I wasn't worried about the risk of a heart attack, because I

was not a smoker and I was sticking to a fairly low animal-fat diet. But

one person I knew well did die immediately after a jog and plenty of

people told me I was mad to start running. Reassuring evidence now

comes from doctors in Seattle, showing that vigorous exercise actually

reduces the chances of heart attack. They found that people who had a

sudden heart attack when they appeared to be completely fit had taken

less exercise than those of similar age. According to their findings,

published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (volume

248, p 3113) it is necessary to take 20 minutes of vigorous exercise at

least two or three days a week to obtain some protection from heart

attack. Apart from jogging, the exercise might be swimming, singles

tennis or squash, digging or chopping wood. Whatever it is, the exercise

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