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НазваSt. Pauls Cathedral (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:

St. Pauls Cathedral

The Great West Door

Is the main entrance on state occasions into the Cathedral and provides
the central dramatic frontispiece of St Paul's. The North Aisle

Located to the left of the Great West door entrance. Areas of interest
include a case containing the roll of honour of 33,000 members of the
Merchant Navy who lost their lives serving in the Second World War and
the monument to the Duke of Wellington by Alfred Stevens who worked on
it for 20 years and was still incomplete on his death in 1875.
Wellington is buried in the Crypt. The North Transept

Is where the font is located that dates from 1727. It is made from
Italian marble. The Dome

The area under the Dome is decorated in a compass design. When the Dome
was being built Wren was hauled up in a basket two or three times a week
to see how work was progressing. His son fixed the last stone in
position. The Dome is among the largest in the world. It's main
structure is of Portland stone from Dorset. The Whispering Gallery

Is located above the arches in the dome. It is called the Whispering
Gallery because a whisper against the blank circular wall can be heard
on the opposite side, some 42 metres away. St Paul's spectacular fresco
paintings are best seen from this gallery. The South Transept

Contains tributes to national figures including the explorer Captain
Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) who died on the return journey from the
South Pole. There is also an elaborate memorial to Admiral Horatio
Viscount Nelson (1758-1805). The chief glory in the South Transept is
the door case, originally part of the Choir Screen and organ gallery. In
one corner of the South Transept stands the first statue to be erected
in St Paul's to the philanthropist and campaigner for prison reform,
John Howard (1726-90). The Quire

Forms the top of the Cathedral's cross shape and is the most richly
decorated part of the interior. This is where Wren's workmen started
building. Minor Canons' Aisle.

The Organ

Wren called the original organ a 'box of whistles'. The organ has been
divided and enlarged and improved to become the third largest organ in
the country. Although modifications have been made the quality of the
sound and the beauty of the decoration are one of the glories of the
cathedral. Such famous composers as Handel and Mendelssohn both enjoyed
playing at. The powerful trumpets, situated on the West Gallery, are
also played from the organ console. The High Altar

The design echoes the pencil sketch of a baldacchino Wren envisaged as
the focal point of his grand building. The altar is made of a slab of
Italian marble, weighing nearly four tons whilst the cross stands nearly
3 metres high and the candlesticks on either side, made of gilded and
lacquered bronze coins, stand 1.6 metres high. The American Memorial

Is located behind the High Altar and was created as a British tribute to
the 28,000 Americans based in Britain who lost their lives in the Second
World War. The Chapel was dedicated in 1958 in the presence of Her
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