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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваSt. Pauls Cathedral (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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St. Pauls Cathedral


The Great West Door


Is the main entrance on state occasions into the Cathedral and provides

the central dramatic frontispiece of St Paul's. The North Aisle


Located to the left of the Great West door entrance. Areas of interest

include a case containing the roll of honour of 33,000 members of the

Merchant Navy who lost their lives serving in the Second World War and

the monument to the Duke of Wellington by Alfred Stevens who worked on

it for 20 years and was still incomplete on his death in 1875.

Wellington is buried in the Crypt. The North Transept


Is where the font is located that dates from 1727. It is made from

Italian marble. The Dome


The area under the Dome is decorated in a compass design. When the Dome

was being built Wren was hauled up in a basket two or three times a week

to see how work was progressing. His son fixed the last stone in

position. The Dome is among the largest in the world. It's main

structure is of Portland stone from Dorset. The Whispering Gallery


Is located above the arches in the dome. It is called the Whispering

Gallery because a whisper against the blank circular wall can be heard

on the opposite side, some 42 metres away. St Paul's spectacular fresco

paintings are best seen from this gallery. The South Transept


Contains tributes to national figures including the explorer Captain

Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) who died on the return journey from the

South Pole. There is also an elaborate memorial to Admiral Horatio

Viscount Nelson (1758-1805). The chief glory in the South Transept is

the door case, originally part of the Choir Screen and organ gallery. In

one corner of the South Transept stands the first statue to be erected

in St Paul's to the philanthropist and campaigner for prison reform,

John Howard (1726-90). The Quire


Forms the top of the Cathedral's cross shape and is the most richly

decorated part of the interior. This is where Wren's workmen started

building. Minor Canons' Aisle.


The Organ


Wren called the original organ a 'box of whistles'. The organ has been

divided and enlarged and improved to become the third largest organ in

the country. Although modifications have been made the quality of the

sound and the beauty of the decoration are one of the glories of the

cathedral. Such famous composers as Handel and Mendelssohn both enjoyed

playing at. The powerful trumpets, situated on the West Gallery, are

also played from the organ console. The High Altar


The design echoes the pencil sketch of a baldacchino Wren envisaged as

the focal point of his grand building. The altar is made of a slab of

Italian marble, weighing nearly four tons whilst the cross stands nearly

3 metres high and the candlesticks on either side, made of gilded and

lacquered bronze coins, stand 1.6 metres high. The American Memorial



Is located behind the High Altar and was created as a British tribute to

the 28,000 Americans based in Britain who lost their lives in the Second

World War. The Chapel was dedicated in 1958 in the presence of Her

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