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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваStock market (курсова робота)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Work on subject


“Stock market”




Market place


Trading on the stock exchange floor


Securities. Categories of common stock


Growth stocks


Cyclical stocks


Special situations


Preferred stocks




Bonds-U.S. government




Convertible securities








Commodities and financial futures


Stock market averages reading the newspaper quotations


The price-earnings ratio


European stock markets–general trend


New ways for old


Europe, meet electronics


New issues


Mutual funds. A different approach


Advantages of mutual funds


Load vs. No-load


Common stock funds


Other types of mutual funds


The daily mutual fund prices


Choosing a mutual fund




The stock market. To some it’s a puzzle. To others it’s a source of

profit and endless fascination. The stock market is the financial nerve

center of any country. It reflects any change in the economy. It is

sensitive to interest rates, inflation and political events. In a very

real sense, it has its fingers on the pulse of the entire world.


Taken in its broadest sense, the stock market is also a control center.

It is the market place where businesses and governments come to raise

money so that they can continue and expend their operations. It is the

market place where giant businesses and institutions come to make and

change their financial commitments. The stock market is also a place of

individual opportunity.


The phrase “the stock market” means many things. In the narrowest sense,

a stock market is a place where stocks are traded – that is bought and

sold. The phrase “the stock market” is often used to refer to the

biggest and most important stock market in the world, the New York Stock

Exchange, which is as well the oldest in the US. It was founded in 1792.

NYSE is located at 11 Wall Street in New York City. It is also known as

the Big Board and the Exchange. In the mid-1980s NYSE-listed shares made

up approximately 60% of the total shares traded on organized national

exchanges in the United States.


AMEX stands for the American Stock Exchange. It has the second biggest

volume of trading in the US. Located at 86 Trinity Place in downtown

Manhattan, the AMEX was known until 1921 as the Curb Exchange, and it is

still referred to as the Curb today. Early traders gathered near Wall

Street. Nothing could stop those outdoor brokers. Even in the snow and

rain they put up lists of stocks for sale. The gathering place became

known as the outdoor curb market, hence the name the Curb. In 1921 the

Curb finally moved indoors. For the most part, the stocks and bonds

traded on the AMEX are those of small to medium-size companies, as

contrasted with the huge companies whose shares are traded on the New

York Stock Exchange.


The Exchange is non-for-profit corporation run by a board of directors.

Its member firm are subject to a strict and detailed self-regulatory

code. Self-regulation is a matter of self-interest for stock exchange

members. It has built public confidence in the Exchange. It also

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