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НазваTaras Shevchenko in saint petersburg (реферат)
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TARAS SHEVCHENKO

 

IN SAINT PETERSBURG

 

 

Taras Shevchenko arrived in St. Petersburg from Vilnius, along with the

rest of the servants of Paul Englehardt, in February of 1831. He was on

the eve of his seventeenth birthday. It was here, in the Tsarist capital

and the centre of the cultural life of the Russian Empire, that

Shevchenko was to mature, first as an artist, and as a poet, writer and

activist.

 

HYPERLINK

"http://www.infoukes.com/shevchenkomuseum/biography/saint_petersburg/fig

ure01.gif"

 

His master, still realising that the youth would not make a good house

servant and wanting a "court painter", apprenticed young Taras in 1832

to the master painter V. Shyrayev; known to be both stern and arbitrary.

Shyrayev was also a famous painter, decorator and art expert, who ran an

enterprise engaged in painting the walls and ceilings of the homes of

the St. Petersburg elite and public buildings.

 

As such, Shyrayev was in contact with and entertained the cream of

Tsarist society and it is only logical to assume that the young

apprentice Shevchenko also became exposed to many of the ideas then

circulating in the Russian capital. Popular amongst the intelligentsia

were ideas of reform, many borrowed from the ill-fated 1825 Decembrist

uprising by young officers who had borrowed heavily from the philosophy

of the French Revolution. In later life, a more politically mature

Shevchenko referred to the Decembrists as "the first Russian heralds of

freedom". While in Vilnius, Taras also had the experience of having

witnessed first hand the Polish uprising against Tsarist rule.

 

While a good part of Shevchenko's apprenticeship was spent mixing paints

and delivering items to various of Shyrayev's projects across St.

Petersburg, he also honed his own talents and learned much from the

master painter. Although he was still officially a serf, his

apprenticeship nonetheless allowed him a certain degree of personal

freedom in the city. In his spare moments, normally in the evenings, he

would wander the city making sketches, often in the Summer Gardens

during the northern "white lights".

 

It was because of this habit that Shevchenko met a fellow Ukrainian and

artist, Ivan Soshenko, in July of 1835. A friendship was formed and

Soshenko took Shevchenko under his wing, teaching him some of the basics

of painting and introducing the talented youth to some of the most

enlightened and cultured elements of St. Petersburg society, including

the Russian artist Karl Bryulov, the poet Zhukovsky (who had been a

tutor to the Tsar's family), Ukrainian writer Hrebinka, the conference

secretary of the Academy of Arts V Hrihorovich and others.

 

Moving in this circle of the Russian intelligentsia, Shevchenko won the

hearts of this enlightened segment of society, which quickly recognized

the young man's talents and realized that they could only be properly

developed if he were a free man.

 

HYPERLINK

"http://www.infoukes.com/shevchenkomuseum/biography/saint_petersburg/fig

ure02.jpg"

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