The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts
and Possible Ways of Their Solution.
The humanity has come into the Third Millennium having lots of non -
solved problems and one of the most difficult of them is the national
one. It appeared not only in developing countries ( African, Asian,
South - American countries) but in the civilized regions such as Western
Europe, North America and in the former socialist countries of Eastern
Europe, that can hardly be referred to any of these groups. Every day in
world news reports we can see many examples of international conflicts.
Ulster, Kosovo, Chechnya, Palestine, Macedonian - these geographical
names are known by every person who watches TV or reeds newspapers and
the wars there are becoming a true menace to international security.
Thousands of people have already perished, millions of them have lost
their homes - these are non - final results of this tragedy called
separatism. What is it? What are the reasons for it? How we can stop it
(if we can)? The aim of my work is to answer these questions.
I have put forward the following statement as hypothesis: the
development of international conflicts is closely connected to the
social and economic situation in the regions where these conflicts take
place. In my work I’ll use some facts proving this connection and
explain the factors that influence the increasing level of ethical
The methods of getting the material used in my work are:
The main source of information for me was Mass Media. I used the
articles from the magazine «Novoye Vremya» (1992 -2000). The articles
contain facts related to different countries that have ethnical
problems. I also used the book by A. B. Krylov «Separatism» ( Moscow
1990). And, of course, TV reports gave me a lot of information about
present-day centers of separatism in the world.
Separatism is a political movement the aim of which is separation of a
part of the territory from the whole state and creating an independent
state there or annexation it to another state. It is based on the
principle of national self - determination which is wrongly explained in
the following way: «Each ethnical community should have its own
territory recognized by other states». But the explanation fixed in the
world law consists in the right of ethnosisis to participation in the
wider social and political process.
The main reasons for aggravating ethnical extremism are the periods of
social and economic difficulties together with enforcing of social and
ethnical contradictions and low efficacy of the work of the authorities
and police. We can see such situation in Yugoslavia and in the countries
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