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НазваThe Alorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts

and Possible Ways of Their Solution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The humanity has come into the Third Millennium having lots of non -

solved problems and one of the most difficult of them is the national

one. It appeared not only in developing countries ( African, Asian,

South - American countries) but in the civilized regions such as Western

Europe, North America and in the former socialist countries of Eastern

Europe, that can hardly be referred to any of these groups. Every day in

world news reports we can see many examples of international conflicts.

Ulster, Kosovo, Chechnya, Palestine, Macedonian - these geographical

names are known by every person who watches TV or reeds newspapers and

the wars there are becoming a true menace to international security.

Thousands of people have already perished, millions of them have lost

their homes - these are non - final results of this tragedy called

separatism. What is it? What are the reasons for it? How we can stop it

(if we can)? The aim of my work is to answer these questions.

 

I have put forward the following statement as hypothesis: the

development of international conflicts is closely connected to the

social and economic situation in the regions where these conflicts take

place. In my work I’ll use some facts proving this connection and

explain the factors that influence the increasing level of ethical

contradictions.

 

The methods of getting the material used in my work are:

 

case study

 

adapting

 

analysis

 

making conclusions

 

making comparisons

 

The main source of information for me was Mass Media. I used the

articles from the magazine «Novoye Vremya» (1992 -2000). The articles

contain facts related to different countries that have ethnical

problems. I also used the book by A. B. Krylov «Separatism» ( Moscow

1990). And, of course, TV reports gave me a lot of information about

present-day centers of separatism in the world.

 

Separatism is a political movement the aim of which is separation of a

part of the territory from the whole state and creating an independent

state there or annexation it to another state. It is based on the

principle of national self - determination which is wrongly explained in

the following way: «Each ethnical community should have its own

territory recognized by other states». But the explanation fixed in the

world law consists in the right of ethnosisis to participation in the

wider social and political process.

 

The main reasons for aggravating ethnical extremism are the periods of

social and economic difficulties together with enforcing of social and

ethnical contradictions and low efficacy of the work of the authorities

and police. We can see such situation in Yugoslavia and in the countries

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