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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe Bank of Russia(тема)
Автор
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The Bank of Russia

 

The tasks and functions of the Bank of Russia are set by the

Constitution of the Russian Federation and Federal Law on the Central

Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia). The Bank of Russia’s

main objective is to protect the rouble and ensure its stability. The

Bank of Russia is also the sole issuing centre and the body of banking

regulation and supervision. Its main functions are formulated in Article

4 of the Federal Law on the Central Bank:

 

- in collaboration with the government of the Russian Federation, it

elaborates and implements a uniform national monetary policy designed to

protect the rouble and ensure its stability;

 

- it is the only issuer of cash and the organiser of its circulation;

 

- it is the creditor of last resort for credit organisations and

organises the refinancing system;

 

- it sets the settlement rules of the Russian Federation;

 

- it sets the rules of conducting banking operations and accounting and

the reporting rules for the banking system;

 

- it conducts state registration of credit organisations and issues and

revokes the licences of credit organisations and the organisations that

audit them;

 

- it supervises the activities of credit organisations;

 

- it registers the issue of securities by credit organisations in

accordance with federal laws;

 

- it conducts, on its own behalf or on behalf of the government of the

Russian Federation, all kinds of banking operations necessary for the

Central Bank’s implementation of its main duties;

 

- it conducts foreign exchange regulation, including operations to buy

and sell foreign exchange, and establishes the procedure for effecting

settlements with foreign countries;

 

- it organises and exercises foreign exchange control on its own and

through authorised banks in accordance with the laws of the Russian

Federation;

 

- it participates in making Russian Federation balance of payments

forecasts and organises the drafting of the Russian Federation’s balance

of payments;

 

- it analyses and forecasts the state of the Russian Federation’s

economy as a whole and by region, concerning specifically monetary,

credit, foreign exchange, financial and price relations, publishes the

corresponding materials and statistical data and performs other

functions in accordance with federal laws.

 

The Bank of Russia co-ordinates and regulates settlement relations in

Russia and establishes the rules, forms, deadlines and standards for

non-cash settlements obligatory for all legal entities and natural

persons. The forms of non-cash settlements are determined by the Civil

Code of the Russian Federation.

 

The principal forms of non-cash settlements today are payment orders

and, to a lesser extent, payment requests (for collection). Letters of

credit and cheques are used on a small scale.

 

A part of settlements is effected by legal entities and private

individuals using payment cards, which are gaining ever wider

acceptance.

 

The Bank of Russia is making efforts to ensure the effective and

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