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НазваThe educational system of Great Britain(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The educational system of Great Britain.



The educational system of G.B. is extreamely complex and bewilder-

ing.It is very difficult to generalise about particular types of schools

as schools differ from one to the other. The departament of education

and science is responsible for national educational policy,but it

doesnOt employe teacher or prescribe corricular or text books. Each

school has itOs own board of governers consisting of teachers, parents,

local politicians, members of local community, businessmen and sometimes

pupils. According to the law only one subject is compulsary. Such as

religious instruction. Schooling for children is compulsary from 5 to

16, though some provision is made for children under 5 and some pupils

remain at school after 16 to prepare for higher education. The state

school system is usually devided into 2 stages (secondary and primary).

The majority of primary schools are mixed.They are subdevided into

infant schools(ages 5 to 7),and junior schools(ages 7 to11). In junior

schools pupils were often placed in A,B,C or D-streams, according to

their abilities. Under the pressue of progressive parents and teachers

the 11+ examination has now been abolished in most parts of the country.

There are some types of schools in G.B.Grammar schools provided an

academical cause for selected pupils from the age of 11 to 18. Only

those children who have the best results are admitted to these schools.

They give pupils a high level of academic education wich can lead to the

university. Technical Schools offer a general education with a techni-

cal bias and serve those pupils who are more mecanically minded. The

corricular includes more science and mathematics. Secondary modern

schools were formed to provide a non-academic education for children of

lesser attainment. The corricular includes more practical subjects. The

comprehensive schools brings about a general improvement in the system

of secondary education.




British education emas us to develop fully the abilities of


individuals, for their own benefit and of society as a whole.


Compulsory schooling takes place between the agers of 5 and


16, but some pupils remain at shool for 2 years more, to prepare


for further higher education. Post shool education is organized


flaxebly, to provide a wide range of opportunities for academic


and vacational education and to continue studying through out




Administration of state schools is decentralised. The


department of education and science is responsible for national


education policy, but it doesn't run any schools, if doesn't


employ teachers, or prescribe corricular or textbooks. All shools


are given a considerable amount of freedom. According to the law


only one subject is compulsary. That is religious instruction.


Children recieve preschool education under the age of 5 in


nursery schools or in infant's classes in primary schools.

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