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НазваThe educational system of Great Britain(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The educational system of Great Britain.


  The educational system of G.B. is extreamely complex and bewilder-
ing.It is very difficult to generalise about particular types of schools
as schools differ from one to the other. The departament of education
and science is responsible for national educational policy,but it
doesnOt employe teacher or prescribe corricular or text books. Each
school has itOs own board of governers consisting of teachers, parents,
local politicians, members of local community, businessmen and sometimes
pupils. According to the law only one subject is compulsary. Such as
religious instruction. Schooling for children is compulsary from 5 to
16, though some provision is made for children under 5 and some pupils
remain at school after 16 to prepare for higher education. The state
school system is usually devided into 2 stages (secondary and primary).
The majority of primary schools are mixed.They are subdevided into
infant schools(ages 5 to 7),and junior schools(ages 7 to11). In junior
schools pupils were often placed in A,B,C or D-streams, according to
their abilities. Under the pressue of progressive parents and teachers
the 11+ examination has now been abolished in most parts of the country.
There are some types of schools in G.B.Grammar schools provided an
academical cause for selected pupils from the age of 11 to 18. Only
those children who have the best results are admitted to these schools.
They give pupils a high level of academic education wich can lead to the
university. Technical Schools offer a general education with a techni-
cal bias and serve those pupils who are more mecanically minded. The
corricular includes more science and mathematics. Secondary modern
schools were formed to provide a non-academic education for children of
lesser attainment. The corricular includes more practical subjects. The
comprehensive schools brings about a general improvement in the system
of secondary education. 


     British education emas us to develop fully the abilities  of

individuals,  for  their  own  benefit and of society as a whole.

Compulsory schooling takes place  between  the  agers  of  5  and

16, but some pupils remain at shool for 2 years more,  to prepare

for further higher education.  Post shool education is  organized

flaxebly, to  provide  a wide range of opportunities for academic

and vacational education and to  continue  studying  through  out


     Administration of  state  schools  is   decentralised.   The

department of  education  and science is responsible for national

education policy,  but it doesn't run  any  schools,  if  doesn't

employ teachers, or prescribe corricular or textbooks. All shools

are given a considerable amount of freedom.  According to the law

only one subject is compulsary. That is religious instruction.

     Children recieve preschool education under the age of  5  in

nursery schools or in infant's classes in primary schools.
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