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НазваThe enlargement of the European Union (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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The enlargement of the European Union

 

Europe at the service of peace and democracy

 

Community Europe has celebrated its 50th anniversary.

 

On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman made history by putting to the Federal

Republic of Germany, and to the other European countries, the idea of

creating a Community of pacific interests. He began a completely new

process in international relations by proposing to old nations to

together recover, by exercising jointly their sovereignty, the influence

which each of them was incapable of exercising alone.

 

The construction of Europe has since then moved forward every day. It

represents the most significant undertaking of the 20th century and a

new hope at the dawn of the new century. It derives its momentum from

the far-sighted and ambitious project of the founding fathers who

emerged from the second world war driven by the resolve to establish

between the peoples of Europe the conditions for a lasting peace.

 

A historic success

 

As Europe approaches the dawn of the third millennium, a look back over

the 50 years of progress towards European integration shows that the

European Union is a historic success. Countries which were hitherto

enemies, today share a common currency, the euro, and manage their

economic and commercial interests within the framework of joint

institutions.

 

Europeans now settle their differences through peaceful means, applying

the rule of law and seeking conciliation. The spirit of superiority and

discrimination has been banished from relationships between the Member

States, which have entrusted to the four Community institutions, the

Council, the Parliament, Commission and the Court of Justice, the

responsibility for mediating their conflicts, for defining the general

interest of Europeans and for pursuing common policies.

 

Economic integration every day highlights the need for and takes people

closer to political union. At international level, the European Union is

wielding increasing influence commensurate with its economic importance,

the standard of living of its citizens, its place in diplomatic,

commercial and monetary forums.

 

The European Community derives its strength from common values of

democracy and human rights, which rally its peoples, and it has

preserved the diversity of cultures and languages and the traditions

which make it what it is. Its transatlantic solidarity and the

attractiveness of its model has enabled a united Europe to withstand the

pressure of totalitarianism and to consolidate the rule of law.

 

The European Community stands as a beacon for the expectations of

countries near and far which watch the Union’s progress with interest as

they seek to consolidate their re-emerging democracies or rebuild a

ruined economy.

 

Today, the Union of the 15 Member States is negotiating the next wave of

membership with 10 countries of central and eastern Europe, and with

Malta and Cyprus. At a later stage, other countries of former Yugoslavia

or which belong to the European sphere will in turn ask to join. The

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