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НазваThe Government Role in The Day Care Services Development in Latvia (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Essay The Government Role in The Day Care Services Development in



Latvia is a country that is moving from the Soviet style of socialism

to a democratic government and a market-based economy. The country

ratified its participation in the United Nations Convention on the

Rights of the Child in 1992. Activities connected to the ratification by

the Latvian legislature has created an impressive database on current

conditions for Latvian children. The change from socialism has been

difficult when measured by the availability of services provided to

children in need. The following information is taken from the 1998

Alternative Report to the United Nations by the Latvian Save The

Children organization.


The number of families below the minimum subsistence level has risen to

85% in 1996 compared to 15% in 1991. This decrease in family incomes has

affected the quality of family life in Latvia. In 1996, only 20% of the

children are in good health. Such diseases as tuberculosis, rheumatism,

diphtheria and tick encephalitis have spread rapidly. Juvenile crime,

alcoholism, narcotic drug addiction and prostitution have risen sharply.

As a result, more and more children are abandoned, physically or

sexually abused, become pregnant or homeless.


Services to support children who are at risk are virtually non-existent.

The government of Latvia is under tremendous pressure to balance its

budget. It is a struggle to maintain existing human services and it is

impossible for the government to fund new services. The existence of a

sizable population of abandoned, abused, handicapped and homeless

children is only now beginning to be officially recognized.



The network of social services that Canadians take for granted does

simply not yet exist in Latvia. The government is working to develop

these services, but the pressures of the national budget and difficult

economic situation have brought any progress to a standstill.


The government budget is made from private sector taxes and it is

diverted to municipal governments and then channeled to social services.

Every year amount which is channeled to the social services is

different, because of pressures of the national budget and difficult

economic situation. These social services are merit good when society

members are refusing to have some amount of their own money for giving

it to preschool and other Latvia’s children. This leads to situation

where people who are using private day care services instead of

municipal are paying again.


Also current situation in Latvia is that you have to wait on a line for

a years to get officially in a municipal day care center, at the same

time municipal government are abolishing existing day care services

because of money shortage. This leads to situation where people have to

use their private money and they are having two choices whether send

their children to private day care centers or have a baby-sitter to look

after them. Practically it means that our social service system is not

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