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: 2016-10-24
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The history of Australia ()
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Word Doc


The history of Australia


General information about Australia3

     National anthem, flag and the coat-of-arms3

Terra Incognita (Unknown land)..4

First European settlement.4

Creation of the Commonwealth of Australia5

New crown colonies.5

Australias ties with Great Britain and the USA..6


General Information about Australia

Australia is situated in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean. The area
of this country is 7,7 million square kilometres. The population of the
country is about 20 million people. The capital is  Canberra. The
population of Canberra is about 300 thousand  people. Official language
is English.  Australia is the largest island in the world and it is the
smallest continent.

The Commonwealth of Australia is a self-governing federal state. It has
got 6 states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia,
Tasmania and 2 internal territories.

National  Anthem, Flag and the Coat-of-Arms

Australian national flag consists of 5 white stars of the Southern Cross
 and the white Commonwealth star  (the large seven pointed star) on a
blue background with a Union Jack in canton. The Southern Cross is the
southern Crux, whose four chief stars are in the form of cross.

The flag of Australia is the only one to fly over a whole continent. The
small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, and the
large seven-pointed star represents the six states and the Territories,
and the small stars form the Southern Cross  a prominent feature of the
southern hemisphere night sky.

A distinctive Australia flora and fauna is reflected in the countrys
coat-of-arms by the symbols of Australias endemic animals; kangaroo and
emu and twig of wattle (a kind of acacia).

Australia officially adopted green and gold as its national colours in

The Australia national anthem was adopted in the 1970ties. It is used on
the all official and ceremonial occasions.  

Terra Incognita

(Unknown Land)

It is supposed that Australias native inhabitants,  the Aborigines,
arrived in Australia  at least 40,000 years ago. The first Europeans
visited the shores of Australia in 1606. The Spanish ship of Luis Vaes
de Torres sailed through the strait which now bears his name  and
separates  Australia and Papua New Guinea. In the same year the Dutch
ship Duyfken (Little Dove) sailed into the Gulf of Carpentaria. Among
later voyagers is  Dirk Hartog (1616), who left an inscribed pewter
plate (Australias most famous early European relic, now in Amsterdam)
in Western Australia.

Abel Tasman, Dutch navigator, visited Tasmania, which he named Van
Diemens Land, in 1642.

The first Englishman to visit the continent was a buccaneer, William
Dampier, who landed near King Sound on the northwest coast in 1699.

A second wave of immigration began in 1770, when Captain James Cook, of
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