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НазваThe Quenn Mother (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Міністерство освіти і науки України

 

Київський національний торговельно-економічний університет

 

Реферат

 

на тему:

 

“The Queen Mother”

 

 

 

 

Підготувала:

 

Храпко Ю.А.

 

Викладач:

 

Дерев’яненко Т.В.

 

 

Коломия 2002

 

Plan

 

A crucial bulwark for the House of windsor .

 

Elizabeth’s early years .

 

The end of the sunny youth ( The First World War ) .

 

Wedding with the Duke of York .

 

The early days of the wife of King George VI.

 

The Queen Mother searched for a role .

 

She was born when William McKinley was President of the United States

and Victoria still ruled the greatest empire in the history of the

world. Hitler was 11, Eisenhower 10, Winston Churchill had just been

voted into Parliament as a 25-year-old hero of the Boer War. Electrons

had just been discovered. There were no airplanes or tanks or radio

broadcasts, no antibiotics, fewer than 20,000 cars in the whole country.

The average British baby born the same day could expect to die before

50.

 

It has been the bloodiest, most tumultuous of centuries. But the women

born Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Queen

Mother as she has been known since the year after her husband King

George VI died in 1952, has accomplished the remarkable feat of

traversing these turbulent times with a fame and popularity. Her famous

wave and upturned hat brims, that tilt of the head and benign smile, her

sharp common sense and enthusiasm for people and for life, have turned

out to be a crucial bulwark for the House of Windsor and earned her a

durable place in modern British history.

 

Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was the first women not a princess to marry

the son of an English king in more than 200 years, but in every way that

counted she was no more a commoner that Henry VIII was uxorious. Her

family had owned their Scottish estate, Glamis, since 1372; by legend it

was the place where Macbeth killed King Duncan. She was the ninth child

of the Earl of Strathmore and his engaging, vigorous wife. “Life is for

living and working at,” read one of the needlework samplers her mother

made; and Elizabeth’s early years, spent mostly on the family estate in

Hertfordshire, combined steady doses of duty with the expansive

enjoyment of country pursuits that was the Edwardian ideal. There was a

pony called Bobs, pigs, cats, chickens, a garden with weeds to pull, a

tennis court and a piano. She would raid the kitchen with her brother to

snitch cakes and buns, retreating to the attic of an outbuilding and was

outside by 6a.m. When she was 10, a palm-reader reported she would one

day be a queen. She was affectionately teased with the nickname

“Princess Elizabeth” – and liked it.

 

Certainly she displayed the aplomb of a monarch. At age three, she

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