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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваThe Russian Federation(реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Реферат на тему:


The Russian Federation.


The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It

occupies about one-seventh of the earth’s surface. It’s total area is

about 17 million square kilometers. The country is washed by 12 seas of

3 oceans : the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Arctic. Russia borders with

many country. They are : Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Georgia,

Azerbaijan, Norway, Finland, the Baltic states, Belorussia and the

Ukraine. It also has a sea border with the USA. The population of the

Russian Federation is nearly 250 million people. The capital of the

country is Moscow. It’s its largest political, scientific, cultural and

economical center. Russia is very rich in mineral resources. There is

gold, platinum, diamonds, coal, peat, oil, gas and wood. There are over

two million rivers in Russia. The Europe’s biggest river , the Volga ,

flows into the Caspian sea. Others main rivers are : the Ob, the

Yenisei, the Lena and the Amur. Russia is also rich in beautiful lakes.

The world biggest lake - the Caspian sea and the world deepest lake -

Lake Baikal are in it. Russia has one-six of the world’s forests. They

are concentrated in the European north of the country, in Siberia and in

Far East. On the vast territory of the country there are different types

of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the

middle of the country the climate is continental. Russia has four

beautiful seasons : winter , spring , summer and autumn. They are very

different. The Russian Federation is a parliamentary republic. The Head

of State is the President. He is elected for 4 years and his powers are

limited by the Duma. At present Russia has some political and economical

problems. (The price are rising, the rate of inflation is very high,

people are losing their jobs and many factories are stopped). But I

believe that in the future the young generation of your country will

sold all these problems and they shall make “Great” Russia as strong and

powerful as it used to be.




Russia occupy a large territory. It strech almost 10 000 (ten

thousend) kilometres from east to west and nearly 5 000 (five thousend)

kilometres from north to south. It's population is 150 000 000 (one

handred and fifty) million people.


From spring till autmn the sun never sets over Russia: in

Kaliningrad peole see it sitting in the Baltic, while in Kamchatka it

rises out of the Pasific Ocean at the some time. People in our country

see the New Year in eleven times in one night.


If you begin to trevell in the Far East by air and fly 8 000 (eight

thousend)kilometres towards the west, you will land in Moscow on thr

same hour same day that you left the Far East.


It is a wonderful sight yo see our country from the plane. One can

hardly imagine a country more interesting to trevellers whan Russia.


Siberia covers millions of square kilometres. You fly over mountain,

endless forests, large and small rivers, railways, motorways. You leave

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