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“The United States of America”
учениці 10-ЕЛ класу
The US government
What are americans fond of?
The capital of the usa
places of sightseeing
holidays in the usa
famous people of america
The united states of america.
The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world
(after Russia, Canada and China). It occupies the southern part of North
America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also
includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. The total
area of the country is about nine and a half million square kilometres.
The USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south. It
also has a seaboarder with Russia.
The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia, a special
federal area where the capital of the country, Washington, is situated.
The population of the country is about 250 million.
If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands and mountains. The
highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra
Nevada. The highest peak is Mount McKinley, which is located in Alaska.
America's largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio
Grande and the Columbia. The Great Lakes on the border with Canada are
the largest and deepest in the USA.
The climate of the country varies greatly. The coldest regions are in
the north. The climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate of the central
part is continental. The south has subtropical climate. Hot winds
blowing from the Gulf of Mexico often bring typhoons. The climate along
the Pacific coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic coast.
The USA is a highly developed industrial country. It is the world's
leading producer of copper and oil and the world's second producer of
iron ore and coal. Among the most important manufacturing industries are
aircraft, cars, textiles, radio and television sets, armaments,
furniture and paper.
Though mainly European and African in origin, Americans are made up from
nearly all races and nations, including Chinese and native Americans.
The largest cities are New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia,
Detroit, San Francisco and others.
The United States is a federal union of 50 states, each of which has its
own government. The seat of the central (federal) government is
Washington, DC. According to the US Constitution the powers of the
government are divided into 3 branches: the executive, headed by the
President, the legislative, exercised by the Congress, and the
juridical. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of
Representatives. There are two main political parties in the USA: the
Republican and the Democratic.
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