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НазваThe United States of America (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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З англійської мови


на тему:


“The United States of America”



учениці 10-ЕЛ класу


школи-ліцею №7


Подлубної Тетяни





Вінниця 2001






American symbols


The US government


What are americans fond of?


The capital of the usa


places of sightseeing


holidays in the usa


famous people of america


The united states of america.


The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world

(after Russia, Canada and China). It occupies the southern part of North

America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also

includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. The total

area of the country is about nine and a half million square kilometres.

The USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south. It

also has a seaboarder with Russia.


The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia, a special

federal area where the capital of the country, Washington, is situated.

The population of the country is about 250 million.


If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands and mountains. The

highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra

Nevada. The highest peak is Mount McKinley, which is located in Alaska.


America's largest rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Rio

Grande and the Columbia. The Great Lakes on the border with Canada are

the largest and deepest in the USA.


The climate of the country varies greatly. The coldest regions are in

the north. The climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate of the central

part is continental. The south has subtropical climate. Hot winds

blowing from the Gulf of Mexico often bring typhoons. The climate along

the Pacific coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic coast.


The USA is a highly developed industrial country. It is the world's

leading producer of copper and oil and the world's second producer of

iron ore and coal. Among the most important manufacturing industries are

aircraft, cars, textiles, radio and television sets, armaments,

furniture and paper.


Though mainly European and African in origin, Americans are made up from

nearly all races and nations, including Chinese and native Americans.


The largest cities are New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia,

Detroit, San Francisco and others.


The United States is a federal union of 50 states, each of which has its

own government. The seat of the central (federal) government is

Washington, DC. According to the US Constitution the powers of the

government are divided into 3 branches: the executive, headed by the

President, the legislative, exercised by the Congress, and the

juridical. The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of

Representatives. There are two main political parties in the USA: the

Republican and the Democratic.

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