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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваTheodore Dreiser (1871-1945) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
Замовити оригінальну роботу

Theodore Dreiser 



       Theodore  Dreiser  was  an  old  man  when  he  joined  the
communist  Party  of  America. It  was  in  July  1945. His  whole  life
 had  been  a  preparation  for  that  step  and  a  hard  life  it had 
been,  too !

       He  was  born  in  the  family  of  a  strict  Catholic,  narrow
-- minded  and  despotic. It  was  because  of  his  farther  that  he
hated  religion  to  the  end  of  his  days. His  parents  were  not
rich. When  16  years  of  age,  he  left  home   to  earn  his  living 
in  Chicago,  which  at  that time  was  growing  into  a  big  city.
All  seemed  wonderful  to  the  young  lad. He  managed  to  get a job,
 but  it  paid  only  five  dollars  a  week,  besides  it  was  not
what   he  wanted. He  was  eager  to  study. At  last   he  was
admitted   to  the  University. Yet  a  year  later  he  left  it 
because  of  financial  difficulties. It  was  in  those  days  that  he

 to  write  for  newspapers. But  it  was  not  so  easy  to  become  a
newsman. He  had  to call  at  the  offices  many  times  before  he got
 some  work .

       In  1900  his  first  novel  “ Sister  Carrie ”  appeared  and 
was immediately  withdrawn  from  print  by  the  publisher. The  author
 was  severly  attacked  by  critics. The  novel  was pronounced 

        Dreiser  could  not  long  get  over  the  failure  of  his 
first literary  attempt. Only  after  a  lapse  of  nearly  10  years 
in 1911  he   published  his  “ Jennie  Gerhardt  ”  ,   also  the  life
story  of  girl. This  book  likewise  received  a  hostile  reception
due  to  alleged  immorality.  Dreiser  was  boycotted  by publishers.

    Three  of  his  works , ” The Financier  “  (1912),  “ The  Titan ”
(1914)  and  “ The  Stoic ”   ( which  was  published  only  after  the 
wri ters  death  in  1947 ),  give  the  whole  life  story  of  an

capitalist,  showing  the  ways  in  which  the  wealth  of  big 
capitalists  is  made.  “ The  Genius ”  (1915)  tells  of  the  fate 
of an  artist  in  the  bourgeois  world.

      He  described  his  visit  to  the  USSR  in  “ Dreiser  Looks  at
Russia ”  (1928) .

      Besides   the  works  mentioned  above,  Dreiser  also published  
several  collections  of  short  stories.

      Dreiser  literary  work  occupies  an  important  place  in
American   critical  realism. His  novels  and  short  stories  give  a
true  picture   of  American  society  and  its  influence  upon  the
life  of  the  people.

      “ The  Financier ”,  “ The  Titan ” ,  and  “ The  Stoic  ”
compose  “ The  Trilogy  of  Desire ” .  Its  purpose  was  to  show 
the  ways  and  practices  of  American  big  business  at  the  turn of
 the  20-th  century .

       Frank  Cowperwood  -  a  chief  character  of  all  the  three 

novels  is  a  representative  of  a  big  business. “ The  Financier ”
gives  a  broad  panorama  of  American  social  life.  Cowperwood
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