Реферат на тему:
"Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)"
Thomas Jefferson one of the American President of the past wasborn
in Virginia in 1743. When he was 14 years old, his father died and
the young boy was left to choose for himself what to do. Jefferson
studied literature and languages. He also studied to be a lawyer, and
later he wrote many of the Virginia laws. One of
the laws for which he worked very much was a law to allow many child
to go to school free. Schools in America were only for the children
whose parents were rich. When Jefferson was still a young man he
was one of those who wanted freedom from England. His most
outstanding archivment was as chief author of the
Declaration of Independence, a statement of human rights and
liberties. It was read to the happy people on the 4th of July, 1776.
Jefferson also drew up the constitution for his state, Virginia,
and served as its governor. He was sent to France as the foreign
minister of the United States of America and afterwards was
President's Washington secretary of state. A few years later he became
the country's third president, serving in this position for 2 terms.
The author of the Declaration of Independence did another important
thing for the American people.
He worked out a plan for a university where the students and
teachers could live and work together in a village build for them.
It was one of the first schools to teach science. Today, it is the
university of Virginia. This well known man was also a self-tought
architect. He introduced the simple classical design to America when he
designed the Virginia State Capital Building. He also designed his own
home, he remained the most influencial architect of his time. Thomas
Jefferson did many useful things during his life time and he
always thought of how to help
ordinary people. He was a practical and theoretical scientist too.
Jefferson's best traditions have been kept up by American prograssive
people in their struggle for peace and democracy.