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НазваThomas More (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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About Sir Thomas More

	Thomas More rose from humble origins to achieve the highest political
and judicial office of England, second only to that of the king. He was
recognized throughout early sixteenth-century Europe as one of the great
lawyers, Christian humanists, and classical scholars of his day. ,Even
at a very early age, More gave clear evidence of his uncommon gifts.
Because of this, a family friend successfully persuaded his father to
allow him to attend Oxford University. More so enjoyed his studies there
that his father became alarmed. Two years into the program, he decided
that his son should learn something useful. Under what seems to have
been considerable coercion, Thomas returned to London to study law at
New Inn. Although this law program was among the best and most demanding
in London, More found time to continue his study of Greek, philosophy,
literature, and theology with such world-renowned teachers as Linacre,
Grocyn, and Colet, as well as with the pious and learned Carthusians.

	Meanwhile, More excelled at his legal studies at the New Inn. Once
finished, he read through the law again at Lincoln's Inn for two more
years, after which he was chosen as reader at Furnivall's Inn and
reappointed for three successive years - a considerable honor for such a
young man. During these years of studying and teaching, More continued
an intense life of prayer, during which time he sought to discern his
vocation in life. By the age of 25, More was convinced that his place
was with city and family, not monastery and cell. At 26 he was elected
to Parliament; at 27 he married Jane Colt and fathered four children in
the next five years. Jane died when More was 33, leaving him with four
young children during the height of his career as a lawyer. Despite his
deep sorrow, he married again within one month for the sake of his
children. He married the best woman he knew, Alice Middleton, who had
neither his interests nor his playful temperament and who was six or
seven years his senior. As Erasmus recounts, she was "neither a pearl
nor a girl ... but a shrewd and careful housewife."He marvels that
More's" life with her is as pleasant and agreeable as if she had all the
charm of youth, and with his buoyant gaiety he wins her to more
compliance than he could by severity."

	With his gifts of intellectual genius and endearing wit plus his
reputation for virtue, More was much sought after as a lawyer and
diplomat. He was chosen, for example, by the London merchants to
represent them on three major embassies to foreign countries. At the age
of 32, he began his work as a judge, a position that made him well-known
and loved among the general London citizenry.

	Throughout these years, More was also active in the areas of literature
and philosophy. The Utopia, a work considered by some to be one of the
finest Socratic dialogues of all time, has long been recognized as his
masterpiece. After fifteen years of prosperous civic life, More was
called to serve the King at court, a position he did not and would not
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