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НазваThomas More (реферат)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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About Sir Thomas More

 

Thomas More rose from humble origins to achieve the highest political

and judicial office of England, second only to that of the king. He was

recognized throughout early sixteenth-century Europe as one of the great

lawyers, Christian humanists, and classical scholars of his day. ,Even

at a very early age, More gave clear evidence of his uncommon gifts.

Because of this, a family friend successfully persuaded his father to

allow him to attend Oxford University. More so enjoyed his studies there

that his father became alarmed. Two years into the program, he decided

that his son should learn something useful. Under what seems to have

been considerable coercion, Thomas returned to London to study law at

New Inn. Although this law program was among the best and most demanding

in London, More found time to continue his study of Greek, philosophy,

literature, and theology with such world-renowned teachers as Linacre,

Grocyn, and Colet, as well as with the pious and learned Carthusians.

 

Meanwhile, More excelled at his legal studies at the New Inn. Once

finished, he read through the law again at Lincoln's Inn for two more

years, after which he was chosen as reader at Furnivall's Inn and

reappointed for three successive years - a considerable honor for such a

young man. During these years of studying and teaching, More continued

an intense life of prayer, during which time he sought to discern his

vocation in life. By the age of 25, More was convinced that his place

was with city and family, not monastery and cell. At 26 he was elected

to Parliament; at 27 he married Jane Colt and fathered four children in

the next five years. Jane died when More was 33, leaving him with four

young children during the height of his career as a lawyer. Despite his

deep sorrow, he married again within one month for the sake of his

children. He married the best woman he knew, Alice Middleton, who had

neither his interests nor his playful temperament and who was six or

seven years his senior. As Erasmus recounts, she was "neither a pearl

nor a girl ... but a shrewd and careful housewife."He marvels that

More's" life with her is as pleasant and agreeable as if she had all the

charm of youth, and with his buoyant gaiety he wins her to more

compliance than he could by severity."

 

With his gifts of intellectual genius and endearing wit plus his

reputation for virtue, More was much sought after as a lawyer and

diplomat. He was chosen, for example, by the London merchants to

represent them on three major embassies to foreign countries. At the age

of 32, he began his work as a judge, a position that made him well-known

and loved among the general London citizenry.

 

Throughout these years, More was also active in the areas of literature

and philosophy. The Utopia, a work considered by some to be one of the

finest Socratic dialogues of all time, has long been recognized as his

masterpiece. After fifteen years of prosperous civic life, More was

called to serve the King at court, a position he did not and would not

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