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НазваU.K. Political system (тема)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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The U.K of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a parliamentary

democracy with a constitutional monarch, Queen Elizabeth II as head of

state. The organs of government are : Parliament, the executive and the

judiciary. The legislature, Parliament, is the supreme authority. It

comprises 2 chambers - the House of Lords and House of Commons -

together with the Queen in her constitutional role.


The executive consists of the central Government - that is the

Prime-Minister and Cabinet and other ministers who are responsible for

iniating and directing the national policy, government departments,

local authorities, and public corporations. The judiciary determines

common I am and interpret status and is independent of both the

legislature and executive.


The Government derive its authority from the elected House of

Commons. A general election. For all seats in the House of Commons, must

be help every 5 years. The Government is normally formed by the

political party which is supported by the majority in the House of

Commons. The Party’s leader is appointed Prime-Minister by the Queen. He

chooses a team of ministers of whom 20 or so are in the Cabinet. The

second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader

and Shadow Cabinet. The House of Commons comprises members from the

constituencies in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland who

represent people whose history and traditions differ.


The House of Lords is a hereditory Chamber.