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НазваWorld Museums(тема)
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РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
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World Museums

 

The British Museum (Great Britain)

 

London is a city rich in museums. There's museums full of toys,

furniture, wax people, antique furniture, in fact, something for

practically every taste. It's hard to see them all, even if you're here

for a very long time, so picking which museums to see can sometimes be

quite difficult. Still for most visitors, The British Museum always

ranks as one of London's most popular.

 

The British Museum had it's origins back in 1753 when the government was

given various collections by a famous physician, Sir Hans Soane. The

museum's collections have grown through the years and the present

building was erected in the early 1830s. Until last year, the British

Museum shared it's location with The British Library, which among other

important tasks, houses a copy of every book published in Britain since

1911 (required by law!), and the buildings of the former Library are in

the process of being converted into a new visitor's centre for the

Museum. The Museum is one of the few quality tourist sites in London

that is also still free to the public. This may change in the very near

future though, and any donations are gratefully accepted as you enter.

 

The Louvre (France)

 

The Louvre is situated between the rue de Rivoli and the Seine. It is

the most important public building in Paris and one of the largest and

most magnificent palaces in the world,the construction of which extended

over three centuries. However, its great architectural and historical

interest is sometimes overshadowed by the popularity of the

art-collection which it contains. It became a national art gallery and

museum since 1793.

 

    Probably one of the most important painting that it contains is the

Mona Lisa. Over four century old, it still fascinates hundreds of

visitors. As Michelet wrote: "This canvas attracts me, calls me, invades

me, absorbs me. I go to it in spite of myself, like a bird to a snake".

 

The National Gallery of art (USA)

 

The National Gallery of Art was created in 1937 for the people of the

United States of America by a joint resolution of Congress, accepting

the gift of financier and art collector Andrew W. Mellon. During the

1920s, Mr. Mellon began collecting with the intention of forming a

gallery of art for the nation in Washington. In 1937, the year of his

death, he promised his collection to the United States. Funds for the

construction of the West Building were provided by The A. W. Mellon

Educational and Charitable Trust. On March 17, 1941, President Franklin

D. Roosevelt accepted the completed building and the collections on

behalf of the people of the United States of America.

 

The paintings and works of sculpture given by Andrew Mellon have formed

a nucleus of high quality around which the collections have grown. Mr.

Mellon's hope that the newly created National Gallery would attract

gifts from other collectors was soon realized in the form of major

donations of art from Samuel H. Kress, Rush H. Kress, Joseph Widener,

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