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Українські рефератиРусские рефератыКниги
НазваOutstanding people of Ukraine (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Outstanding people of Ukraine:


Taras Shevchenko was born in the village of Moryntsi into the family of

Hrygoriy and Kateryna Shevchenko. A year later , Shevchenko’s parents

moved to the village Kyrylivka. There Taras heard for the first time

the heroic story about the Haidamaks from his grandfather. Later he

immortalized his recollections in his poem “ The Haidamaks ”.


After his mother’s death his father married again but Shevchenko’s

stepmother failed to bring any kindness into his home.


Soon Taras was sent to a townman Hubsky for schooling. Learning came

easily to him and he quickly worked his way throught the primer, but the

teacher was cruel and time again little Taras ran away from his teacher.


Having the strongest desire to draw he tried to find the teacher and

this dream lead him to the landowner Engelgard. After some ears master

Engelgard took Taras to Petesburg where Shevchenko’s talent was noticed

and Karl Bryulov bought him out of serfdom. In Petesburg Taras was a

student at the Academy of Arts, drew many beautiful pictures but his

second and real calling was poetry.


He wrote much and soon in 1840 he published his first and greatest book

“ Kobzar ”. In 1844 for his satirical poem “ A Dream” Shevchenko was

exiled to the Kazakh steppes for ten years with the prohibition of

writing and painting. These were hard years for Shevchenko he suffered

much. And only in 1857 his friends helped him to return to Petersburg to

continue to paint and write.


But certaninly the most distinguishing, which clevates Shevchenko to the

heights of a world genius is his talent. Yes he loved Ukraine above all:


My poor Ukraine, I love her so


That for her sake I’d l’en curse God


And damn my soul.


He saw his people as part of a new free family of all the nations of

the world equal among the equal.


Taras Shevchenko died on March 10, 1861 at the age of 47. Taras

Shevchenko never lived in the past but always in the present and future.

He sparkled so brightly it seemed no vista of years coud dim him.

Shevchenko just like many famous people started to live only after his