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НазваBiography of George Gordon Byron (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
Тип документуРеферат
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Biography of George Gordon Byron 


George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron (1788-1824), English poet, was born in
London at 16 Holles Street, Cavendish Square, on the 22nd of January
1788. The Byrons were of Norman stock, but the founder of the family was
Sir John Byron, succeeded by his great-nephew, the poet. Admiral the
Hon. John Byron (q.v.) was the poet's grandfather. His eldest son,
Captain John Byron, the poet's father, was a libertine by choice and in
an eminent degree. He caused to be divorced, and married (1779) as his
first wife, the marchioness of Carmarthen (born Amelia D'Arcy), Baroness
Conyers in her own right. One child of the marriage survived, the Hon.
Augusta Byron (1783-1851), the poet's half-sister, who, in 1807, married
her first cousin, Colonel George Leigh. His second marriage to Catherine
Gordon (b. 1765) of Gight in Aberdeenshire took place at Bath on the
13th of May 1785. He is said to have squandered the fortunes of both
wives. It is certain that Gight was sold to pay his debts (1786), and
that the sole provision for his wife was a settlement of 3,000 pounds.
It was an unhappy marriage. There was an attempt at living together in
France, and, when this failed, Mrs Byron returned to Scotland. On her
way thither she gave birth to a son, christened George Gordon after his
maternal grandfather, who was descended from Sir William Gordon of
Gight, grandson of James I. of Scotland. After a while her husband
rejoined her, but went back to France and died at Valenciennes on the
2nd of August 1791. His wife was not a bad woman, but she was not a good
mother. Vain and capricious, passionate and self-indulgent, she
mismanaged her son from his infancy, now provoking him by her foolish
fondness, and now exciting his contempt by her paroxysms of impotent
rage. She neither looked nor spoke like a gentlewoman; but in the
conduct of her affairs, she was praiseworthy. She hated and avoided
debt, and when relief came (a civil list pension of 300 pounds a year)
she spent most of it on her son. Fairly well educated, she was not
without a taste for books, and her letters are sensible and to the
point. But the violence of her temper was abnormal. Her father committed
suicide, and it is possible that she inherited a tendency to mental
derangement. If Byron owed anything to his parents it was a plea for

The poet's first years were spent in lodgings at Aberdeen. From 1794 to
1798 he attended grammar school, "threading all classes" till he reached
the fourth. It was a good beginning, a solid foundation, enabling him
from the first to keep a hand over his talents and to turn them to a set
purpose. He was lame from his birth. His right leg and foot, possibly
both feet, were contracted by infantile paralysis, and, to strengthen
his muscles, his mother sent him in the summers of 1796, 1797, to a farm
house of Deeside. He walked with difficulty, but he wandered at will,
soothed and inspired by the grandeur of the scenery. To his Scottish
upbringing he owed his love of mountains, his love and knowledge of the
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