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НазваHerbert George Wells (1866-1946) (реферат)
РозділІноземна мова, реферати англійською, німецькою
ФорматWord Doc
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Herbert George Wells (1866-1946)

English novelist, journalist, sociologist, and historian, whose science
fiction stories have been filmed many times. Wells's best known works
are THE TIME MACHINE (1895), one of the first modern science fiction
stories, THE INVISIBLE MAN (1897), and THE WAR OF THE WORLDS (1898).
Wells wrote over a hundred of books, about fifty of them novels. 

"No one would have believed, in the last years of the nineteenth
century, that human affairs were being watched keenly and closely by
intelligences greater than man's and yet as mortal as his own; that as
men busied themselves about their affairs they were scrutinized and
studied, perhaps almost as narrowly as a man with a microscope might
scrutinize the transient creatures that swarm and multiply in a drop of
water." (from War of the Worlds) 

Along with George Orwell's Nineteen-Eighty-Four and Aldous Huxley's
Brave New World, which was a pessimistic answer to scientific optimism,
Wells's novels are among the classics of science-fiction. Later Wells's
romantic and enthusiastic conception of technology turned more doubtful.
His bitter side is seen early in the novel BOON (1915), which was a
parody of Henry James.

Herbert George Wells was born in Bromley, Kent. His father was a
shopkeeper and a professional cricketer until he broke his leg. In his
early childhood Wells developed love for literature. His mother served
from time to time as a housekeeper at the nearby estate of Uppark, and
young Wells studied books in the library secretly. When his father's
business failed, Wells was apprenticed like his brothers to a draper. He
spent the years between 1880 and 1883 in Windsor and Southsea, and later
recorded them in KIPPS (1905). In the story Arthur Kipps is raised by
his aunt and uncle. Kipps is also apprenticed to a draper. After
learning that he has been left a fortune, Kipps enters the upper-class
society, which Wells describes with sharp social criticism. 

In 1883 Wells became a teacher/pupil at Midhurst Grammar School. He
obtained a scholarship to the Normal School of Science in London and
studied there biology under T.H. Huxley. However, his interest faltered
and in 1887 he left without a degree. He taught in private schools for
four years, not taking his B.S. degree until 1890. Next year he settled
in London, married his cousin Isabel and continued his career as a
teacher in a correspondence college. From 1893 Wells became a full-time

Wells left Isabel for one of his brightest students, Amy Catherine, whom
he married in 1895. As a novelist Wells made his debut with The Time
Machine, a parody of English class division. The narrator is Hillyer,
who discusses with his friends about theories of time travel. A week
later their host has an incredible story to tell - he has returned from
the year 802701. The Time Traveler had found two people: the Eloi, weak
and little, who live above ground in a seemingly Edenic paradise, and
the Morlocks, bestial creatures that live below ground, who eat the
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